American Government: Constitution Test


Terms in this set (...)

What are the main parts of the constitution?
The Preamble
The 7 Original Articles
The 27 Amendments
What are the three branches of government, what do they do, and what articles address each branch?
The Legislative Branch
Makes the laws, article 1
The Executive Branch
Executes the laws, article 2
The Judicial Branch
Interprets the laws, article 3
What are the roles of the President?
Foreign Affairs
Domestic and Military Administration
Judicial Functions
What are the roles of the Vice President?
Assigned duties by the President
President of the Senate
Provides President with a valuable link with Congress
What are the roles of the Secretary of State?
Foreign Affairs
What are the roles of the Attorney General?
Chief Legal Department
What are the roles of Homeland Security?
Secret Service
What are the roles of Health and Human Services?
Health Issues in the U.S.
-Public Health Service
-Social Security
-Food and Drug Administration
-Office Vocational Rehabilitation etc.
Who is the President of the United States?
Barak Obama
Who is the Vice President of the United States?
Joe Biden
Who is the Secretary of State in the United States?
John Kerry
Who is the Supreme Court Chief Justice in the United States?
John Roberts
Who is the Senate Majority Leader in the United States?
Mitch McConnell
Who are the Senators in Illinois?
Mark Kirk
Dick Durbin
What are the unalienable rights in the Declaration of Independence?
Pursuit of Happiness
What are the qualifications of the President and the Vice President?
Natural Born Citizen
at least 35 years of age
U.S. Resident for at least 14 years
Same Party Ticket
Term is for 4 years
Maximum of 2 terms
What are the qualifications of a member in the Senate?
at least 30 years of age
U.S. Citizen for at least 9 years
Resident of the State he/she represents
What are the qualifications of a member in the House of Representatives?
at least 25 years of age
U.S. Citizen for at least 7 years
Inhabitant of the State he/she represents
What are the qualifications of a member in the Supreme Court Justice?
there are no specific qualifications to be a court justice, but they serve for life
What is the First Amendment of the Constitution?
Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.
What is the Second Amendment of the Constitution?
Right to bear arms; refers to state militias.
What is the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution?
No unreasonable search or arrest.
What is the Fifth Amendment of the Constitution?
No person tried without grand jury indictment or punished twice for same offense. Prohibits being a witness against yourself and guarantees due process of law.
What is the Eighth Amendment of the Constitution?
No excessive bail or cruel punishment.
What is the 13th Amendment of the Constitution?
Abolishment of slavery.
What is the 14th Amendment of the Constitution?
All persons born or naturalized in the United States enjoy full rights.
What is the 16th Amendment of the Constitution?
Income tax.
What is the 20th Amendment of the Constitution?
Changed the date of the president's inauguration from March 4th to January 20th. Changed the start of Congress to January 3rd.
What is the 22nd Amendment of the Constitution?
No person shall be elected to the office of president more than twice.
What is the 25th Amendment of the Constitution?
Established the process by which an ailing president may pass the duties of office to the vice president and for the filling of the vice president's office, when vacant.
What is due process?
Legal requirement that the state must respect all of the legal rights that are owed to a person.
What is an eminent domain?
The right of a government or its agent to expropriate private property for public use, with payment of compensation.
What is a concurrent resolution?
An action of Congress passed in the form of an enactment of one house, with the other house in agreement, which expresses the ideas of Congress on a particular subject.
What is a joint resolution?
Legislative measure that requires approval by the Senate and the House and is presented to the President for his approval or disapproval.
How are federal judges chosen?
Supreme Court Justices and Court of Appeals and District Judges are appointed to office by the President of the United States, with the approval of the U.S. Senate. There are 9 Supreme Court Justices chosen.
What is a pocket veto?
An indirect veto of a legislative bill by the president or a governor by retaining the bill unsigned until it is too late for it to be dealt with during the legislative session.
How can a veto be overridden?
Each Chamber of Congress votes on a bill vetoed by the President. To pass a bill over the president's objections requires a two-thirds vote in each Chamber.
What is an executive order?
A rule or order issued by the president to an executive branch of the government and having the force of law.
What is the correct way to present the flag in a procession?
In a procession, the flag should always be in the front.
What is the judicial review?
Doctrine under which legislative and/or executive actions are subject to review and can be declared unconstitutional by the judiciary.
What is an elastic clause?
Statement in the U.S. Constitution (Article I, Section 8) granting Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the enumerated list of powers.
What is the supremacy clause?
Establishes the United States Constitution, federal statutes, and treaties as "the supreme law of the land".
When does the president's term begin?
January 20th
Who presents the national budget?
the president
What are the Articles of Confederation?
Acted as the first constitution for the United States. Weak because the colonists were reluctant to give much power to a central government for fear of imitating the English monarchy that they defeated.
Who is the local state senator?
Chris Lauzen
District: 25
Who is the local representative?
Randy Hultgren
District: 14
Who is the three-term senator from Illinois?
Dick Durbin
Which court belongs to the judicial branch?
Circuit Court
Who are the State Judges elected by?
By the people
How many Judicial Districts is Illinois divided into?
5 districts
How long is a governor's term of office?
4 years
Who is the Commander-in-Chief of the state militia?
the governor
Who enforces the law in a state?
the governor
What is the order of succession to the office of governor?
Lieutenant Governor
Attorney General
Secretary of State
What are the qualifications for governor?
at least 25 years of age
State Resident for at least 3 years before election
U.S. Citizen
What are the qualifications for the Senate and the House of Representatives in Illinois?
at least 21 years of age
Resident of the district for 2 years
U.S. Citizen
When does the General Assembly meet?
The 2nd Wednesday in January
How many Illinois House of Representatives does Illinois have?
Serve 2 year terms
How many Illinois Senators does Illinois have?
Serve 4 year terms
How many electoral votes does Illinois have?
How many U.S. Senators does Illinois have?
How many U.S. House of Representatives does Illinois have?
Where is Illinois' capital located?
What is the largest populated city in Illinois?
Chicago (2,695,598)
How many counties does Illinois have?
Who is the governor of Illinois?
Pat Quinn (D)
How many constitutions has Illinois had?
4 (1818, 1848, 1870, 1970)
When did Illinois enter into the Union?
December 3, 1818
How many capitals has Illinois had?
What 2 presidents have been impeached?
Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton
Who is the only president ever to resign?
Richard Nixon
Who is the Lieutenant Governor of Illinois?
Evelyn san
Who is the Secretary of State in Illinois?
Jesse White
Who is the Attorney General in Illinois?
Lisa Madigan
Who is the Comptroller in Illinois?
Leslie munger
Who is the Treasurer in Illinois?
Which part of Congress is affected by the census?
House of Representatives
Who is appointed by the president?
Federal Judges
Public Officials
What is the 26th Amendment of the Constitution?
Allows 18 year olds the right to vote
What is the most important article in the Constitution?
Article 1 (Legislative Branch)
Who presents the state budget?
the governor
Can Federal Officers receive a title of nobility?
What is the capital of the United States?
Washington D.C.
Who presents the State of the Union Address?
the president
Are U.S. Senators elected by the state or by the districts?
Are U.S. Representatives elected by the state or by the districts?
Who are the Federal Judges elected by?
the president
Who presents the State of the State Address?
the governor
Who is considered the State "banker"?
the Treasurer
What year did the newest Illinois Constitution go into effect?
How many amendments are in the Constitution?
Who is in charge of grants, reprives, and pardons?
the governor
Which branch of government does the governor belong to?
the executive branch
Who can veto a bill passed by the General Assembly?
the governor
What river is along Illinois' western border?
Mississippi River
What vote really elects the president?
the electoral college
Who is the Speaker of the House of Representatives?
John Boener