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42 terms

Psychology Test #2

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Neuron
nerve cells that make up the nervous system
Parts of a Neuron
dendrites, soma, axon, axon terminal
Dendrites
receive info from other cells
Soma
keeps neuron alive
Axon
nerve impulse which is the in flow and out flow of particles
Axon Terminal
releases chemicals into the synapse called neurotransmitters which fit like a lock and key
Neurotransmitters
chemicals released by neurons
Anandamine
pleasant high from chocolate and marijuana
Seratonin
regulates mood, too little can lead to clinical depression, too much can lead to aggression, affects sleep appetite, PMS, peaceful love.
Dopamine
involved in addiction, hallucinations, and motivation giving you strong exciting feeling
Emotions
feelings which we literally feel because of the physiological change
Schactor and Singer
two factor theory of emotions saying that to have an emotion we must have a physiological change, then label the emotion because of x,y,z happening
Two Parts of the Nervous System
central nervous system and peripheral nervous system
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord, mental responses and cognition
Peripheral Nervous System
somatic nervous system (voluntary observable actions) autonomic nervous system (physiological responses)
Autonomic Nervous System
sympathetic nervous system and parasympathetic nervous system
Sympathetic Nervous System
higher heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, adrenaline, lowered digestion
Parasympathetic Nervous System
lower heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, no adrenaline release
Lazarus' Cognitive Theory of Emotion
Perceptions, expectations, values, cause emotions
4 Ways to Change an Unwanted Emotion
change perceptions on situation, change physiological response, change explanation for why you're having the response
Purpose of Emotions
motivate us, help people connect, and allow us to understand what we are thinking
Primary Emotions
basic emotions everyone everywhere are born with such as fear, anger, sadness, joy, surprise, disgust, and contempt
Secondary Emotions
variations and blends of emotion that vary from one culture to another or that depend on cognitive complexity
Nature Side of Emotions
primary emotions
Nurture Side of Emotions
secondary emotions
Facial Expressions and Infants
babies alter their behavior depending on the reaction or facial expressions of the people around them
Damage to the Left Prefrontal Cortex
person will be unable to respond to emotions of others, understand why they and others feel as they do, and adjust their own emotional responses appropriately
Regulation of Emotions
the prefrontal cortex regulates emotions helping us modify and control our feelings, and allowing us to respond appropriately to others
Mirror Neurons
brain cells that fire when a person or animal observes others carrying out an action; involved in empathy, imitation, and reading emotions
Reliability of Polygraphs
the lie detector isn't exactly reliable because there aren't physiological patterns of autonomic arousal specific to lying
Attributions
explanations that people make of their own and other people's behavior
Attributions and Emotions
emotions are often created or influenced by beliefs, perceptions, expectations, and attributions
Display Rules
social and cultural rules that regulate when, how, and where a person may express, or suppress, emotions
Emotion Work and Display Rules
display rules and emotion work go hand in hand because display rules state when you can express emotions and emotion work is the regulation of emotions
Stress
a psychological and physical response of the body that occurs whenever we must adapt to changing conditions, whether those conditions be real or perceived
Lazarus's View of Stress
one's view of a situation determines whether an event is experienced as stressful or not
Psychosomatic Illnesses
mental upset that triggers a physiological stress response, stress leading to measurable damage such as headaches, colds, cancer, asthma
Lazarus' Steps for Coping with Stress
disclaiming, escape-avoidance, accepting responsibility or blame, exercising self-control, seeking social support, positive reappraisal
Three Physiological Responses to Stress
the alarm phase, resistance phase, exhaustion phase,
Alarm Phase
body mobilizes the sympathetic nervous system to meet the immediate threat
Resistance Phase
body attempts to resist or cope with a stressor that cannot be avoided
Exhaustion Phase
persistent stress depletes the body of energy thereby increasing vulnerability to physical problems and illness