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releases chemicals into the synapse called neurotransmitters which fit like a lock and key
regulates mood, too little can lead to clinical depression, too much can lead to aggression, affects sleep appetite, PMS, peaceful love.
Schactor and Singer
two factor theory of emotions saying that to have an emotion we must have a physiological change, then label the emotion because of x,y,z happening
Peripheral Nervous System
somatic nervous system (voluntary observable actions) autonomic nervous system (physiological responses)
Sympathetic Nervous System
higher heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, adrenaline, lowered digestion
4 Ways to Change an Unwanted Emotion
change perceptions on situation, change physiological response, change explanation for why you're having the response
Purpose of Emotions
motivate us, help people connect, and allow us to understand what we are thinking
basic emotions everyone everywhere are born with such as fear, anger, sadness, joy, surprise, disgust, and contempt
variations and blends of emotion that vary from one culture to another or that depend on cognitive complexity
Facial Expressions and Infants
babies alter their behavior depending on the reaction or facial expressions of the people around them
Damage to the Left Prefrontal Cortex
person will be unable to respond to emotions of others, understand why they and others feel as they do, and adjust their own emotional responses appropriately
Regulation of Emotions
the prefrontal cortex regulates emotions helping us modify and control our feelings, and allowing us to respond appropriately to others
brain cells that fire when a person or animal observes others carrying out an action; involved in empathy, imitation, and reading emotions
Reliability of Polygraphs
the lie detector isn't exactly reliable because there aren't physiological patterns of autonomic arousal specific to lying
Attributions and Emotions
emotions are often created or influenced by beliefs, perceptions, expectations, and attributions
social and cultural rules that regulate when, how, and where a person may express, or suppress, emotions
Emotion Work and Display Rules
display rules and emotion work go hand in hand because display rules state when you can express emotions and emotion work is the regulation of emotions
a psychological and physical response of the body that occurs whenever we must adapt to changing conditions, whether those conditions be real or perceived
Lazarus's View of Stress
one's view of a situation determines whether an event is experienced as stressful or not
mental upset that triggers a physiological stress response, stress leading to measurable damage such as headaches, colds, cancer, asthma
Lazarus' Steps for Coping with Stress
disclaiming, escape-avoidance, accepting responsibility or blame, exercising self-control, seeking social support, positive reappraisal
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