Culture

STUDY
PLAY
Culture
Language, Beliefs, values, norms, and material objects that are passed from one generation to the next.
Material culture
Physical objects apart of one's culture.
Non-material(symbolic) culture
People-group's way of thinking, ideas, and goals.
Ideal Culture
People-group's ideal values, norms, and goals
Real Culture
People-group's actual behavior, which often falls short of its cultural ideals
Ethnocentrism
belief that ones culture is superior than another.
Cultural relativism
Understanding and accepting another culture
Cultural diffusion
Adopting aspects of another culture into your own
Cultural leveling
Process in which cultures become similar to one another
Language
Allows human experience to be goal-directed, cooperative, amd cummulative
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
Language shapes our thoughts and perceptions
Values
Standards on which is desirable and undesirable
Norms
Rules and expectations on behavior
Positive sanctions
Approval of following norms
Negative sanctions
Disapproval of following norms
Folkways
Norms that are not strictly enforced
Mores
Norms that groups demand conformity because they reflect core vales
Subculture
group whose values and behaviors that distinguish its members from the general culture
counterculture
holds values that contradict to that of the dominant culture
Pluralistic society
made up of many people groups
Value cluster
Values that are related and form a larger whole
Value contradictions
Areas of tension, points of social change.
cultural lag
how a culture's non material aspects fall behind its changing technology
...
...