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Chapter 8 quiz
Terms in this set (25)
Keith took pills in an effort to end his own life and was found unconscious by his sister, who was able to get him to the hospital where they saved Keith's life. What is the term for what occurred?
This is a self-inflicted death in which a person acts intentionally, directly, and consciously.
One late night in November, Omar participates in a dangerous game of Russian roulette with his friends. Omar shows ambivalence about the risk of pulling the trigger. Omar pulls the trigger, and a bullet is discharged, instantly killing him. Oscar is BEST described as a death:
An increase in _____ is the MOST common change in mood that precedes a suicide attempt.
Pamela tends to see the world in black-and-white, viewing things in "either/or" terms and frequently using the word only. Cognitive theorists would describe this as a(n) _____ thinking pattern.
Research indicates that suicides by people with schizophrenia reflect a:
fear of further mental deterioration.
Freud believed that human beings have an unconscious "death instinct." Which term did he use to refer to that death instinct?
The word anomie, which is at the heart of one of the three types of suicide proposed by Emile Durkheim, means:
The view that people will be likely to commit suicide if they perceive they are a burden, they lack a sense of belongingness, and they have a psychological capability to carry out suicide comes from:
Joiner's interpersonal theory of suicide.
LGBTQ teens are _____ more likely than other teenagers to have suicidal thoughts and to attempt suicide
The extreme suicide rates found on American Indian reservations are called _____ suicides.
Which minority group has the highest overall suicide rate but has relatively low rates of suicide among its elderly?
Research indicates that _____ therapy is particularly helpful for suicidal individuals.
According to the textbook, what type of professional typically answers calls that come in on suicide hotlines?
Many theorists have argued that _____ is the ultimate form of suicide prevention.
education about suicide
Bobby has been depressed for as long as he can remember. He does not find any happiness in any aspect of his life. Bobby waits until he is alone. He goes into his bedroom, calmly takes out a gun, and shoots himself in the head. His death is instantaneous. Bobby is BEST described as a death:
In order to understand the causes of a suicide and the factors contributing to a suicide, researchers often gather information about a person who has ended his or her life. They may talk to friends, family members, or colleagues. They may examine paperwork or records. With appropriate permission, they may talk to doctors or other professionals in an attempt to build a picture of the suicide victim's state of mind and motivation. This kind of "psychological autopsy" is formally called a(n):
This influential psychiatrist referred to suicide as "murder in the 180th degree," emphasizing the idea that suicide results from depression and from anger at others that is redirected toward oneself.
When a country experiences an economic depression, national suicide rates _____. This supports _____ theory of suicidal behavior.
Which of the following is linked to increased aggressive feelings and impulsive behavior?
low levels of serotonin and brain-circuit dysfunction
The "black box" controversy relates to:
the debate over whether a warning label stating that "antidepressant drugs increase the risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children" should be printed on a drug's container
The ratio of teenagers attempting suicide to teenagers actually killing themselves may be as high as:
200 to 1
Which of these groups has the HIGHEST teenage suicide rate?
non hispanic white Americans
The first suicide-prevention program in the United States was established in _____ in 1955.
The success of the sociocultural perspective in identifying important factors related to suicidality:
still leaves us unable to predict that any one person will attempt suicide.
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