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Terms in this set (114)
One system of film, mise-en-scene, involves what?
lighting, setting, props, costumes, makeup
Content is defined as; form is defined as?
the subject of the artwork; the means by which the subject is expressed and experienced.
Once a narrative begins, expectations make viewers ask questions about?
the story's outcome
Alfred Hitchcock's term "MacGuffin" refers to:
an object. document, or secret within a story that is of vital importance to the characters and thus motivates their actions.
Which of the following can NOT be evoked from the manipulation of light on film?
How do movies appear to be moving?
By creating a quick succession of 24 individual still photographs per second.
How do movies use the elements of time and space?
Movies manipulate both time and space.
What is a freeze-frame?
A still image shown onscreen for a period of time.
What is the definition of "verisimilitude"?
A convincing appearance of the truth.
What is meant by "cinematic language"?
The accepted systems, methods, or conventions by which the movies communicate with the viewer.
How long were motion pictures popular before they were considered worthy of study?
As opposed to "film" or "cinema", the term "movies" is applied to:
motion pictures that entertain the masses at the multiplex
What is NOT typical of a finished movie product?
It is highly experimental and difficult for most viewers.
A shot is best defined as:
an unbroken span of action captured by an uninterrupted run of a motion-picture camera.
The joining together of discreet shots is:
analysis is defined as?
the act of taking something apart to figure out what it is made of and how it fits together.
What does a fade-out/fade-in usually convey when used in a narrative film?
the passage of time between scenes.
One way of thinking about implicit meaning is understanding it as a movie's:
overall message or "point"
What is NOT one of the meanings of the word "narrative" in regard to movies?
A character who narrates events in the film through voice-over.
What is NOT a film genre?
What is a character type?
A familiar character with a few essential traits that recurs throughout a genre.
What is generic transformation?
The process by which a particular genre is adapted to meet the expectations of a changing society.
What is NOT a motif is Fritz Lang's M?
Who directed Sherlock Jr.
What is auteur?
When a director plays multiple roles in the making of a film
What was the first year in cinematic history?
What is diagetic sound?
Sound that occurs within the world of the film.
What is blocking?
position where actors stand in relation to the camera
Who invented the Kinetiscope?
Who invented the Cinematograph?
The Lumiere Brothers
Who directed the "Trip to the Moon"?
What was the last year of the silent film era?
What years did German Expressionism take place?
What were some characteristics of German Expressionism?
distorted and exaggerated settings
highly stylized acting
What is the difference between a fade and a dissolve?
A fade actually goes to black where a dissolve goes straight from one image to another.
Who directed Battleship Potemkin?
What is Soviet Montage?
editing that is sparatic and is non-continuous
What is persistence of vision?
The human brain retaining an image for a fraction of a second longer than the eye records it.
What is the result of filming faster than 24 frames per second?
What is the result of filming slower than 24 frames per second?
What is cross cutting/parallel editing?
Editing style to show two or more lines of action supposedly happening simultaneously.
Who directed M?
What were the years of Film Noir?
1940s - 50s
What is a sound bridge?
When as sound carries over a visual transition in film
What is shot/reverse shot?
two or more shots edited together that alternate between characters, typically in a conversation situation.
What is a whip pan?
extremely fast movement of the camera from side-to-side that causes brief image blur.
What is a 360 Pan?
the camera goes around in a circle
Who directed Citizen Kane?
Orson Welles (he was 25 years old)
What was a reason that people did not like Citizen Kane?
The out of order storyline.
Who directed Bicycle Theives?
Vittorio de Sica
What style of film was the Bicycle Theives?
What is design?
The process by which the settings, props, lighting and actors is determined.
What is composition?
the organization, distribution, balance, and general relationship of actors and objects within the space of each shot.
What is mine-en-scene?
The sum of everything the audience sees and hears and experiences during the film.
What goes into creating a shot's miss-en-scene?
1. making advanced decisions about placement of people, objects and elements of decor.
2. setting up lighting
3. figuring out the cameras angle and determining the initial framing of the shot
What is setting?
The spatial and temporal environment (realistic and imagined) in which the narrative takes place.
What is decor?
The color, textures of the interior decoration, furniture, draperies, curtains, etc.
What are properties?
Objects that help us understand the characters by showing us their preferences in such things.
What is the soundstage?
A windowless, soundproofed, professional shooting environment.
What are the two fundamental styles of design?
What is framing?
moveable boarder between what the filmmaker wants us to see and everything else.
What is an open frame?
depicts a world where characters move freely within an open, recognizable environment.
What is a closed frame?
Imply other forces have robbed characters of their ability to move and act freely.
Who directed Ikiru?
What is Chiaroscuro?
special type of lighting that is only back lighting.
What is it called where one shot ends and another one begins?
How long does a shot have to be to be considered a long shot?
between 1 and 10 minutes
Who directed The Cabinet of Doctor Calagari?
What is a scene?
a complete unit of plot action incorporating one or more shots.
What is a tracking shot?
When the camera follows the character it is focused on.
What is superimposition?
when shots are edited over each other
What is deep focus?
The process of rendering the figures on all planes
What is shallow focus?
when only a front subject is in focus
What are the six top different types of genres?
2. Film Noir
What is a round character?
A complex character possessing numerous, subtle, repressed or contradictory traits. develop over the story.
What is a flat character?
A relatively uncomplicated character exhibiting few distinct traits and will not change over the course of the story.
What is a graphic match cut?
a match cut in which the similarity between shots A and B is in the shape and form of the figures pictured in each shot. The shape, color or texture the two figures matches across the edit, providing continuity.
What was the first code of censorship in cinema?
The Haze Code
What sound element is recorded during production?
Who directed Taxi Driver?
Who directed Vagabond?
Who directed Do the Right Thing?
Who directed The Good, The Bad and the Ugly?
Who directed All About My Mother?
Who directed Mulholland Drive?
Who directed Breathless?
Jean Luc Godard
What are the three types of animation?
The decor of a set
What rule is used to maintain consistent screen direction?
the 180 degree rule
What is it called when a sound transitions from diagetic to nondiagetic (and vice versa)?
What was the Haze Code abandoned for?
In what year was the Haze Code abandoned?
In Citizen Kane, what is Rosebud an example of?
What is a motif?
a recurring element within the movie
What is a sonic flashback?
The use of sound from earlier in the film later in the film
What is verisimilitude?
The convincing appearance of truth in a film
What type of editing is non-linear?
What is the Rule of Thirds?
a grid representing the foreground, background and mid ground of a shot.
How many female directors have won an Oscar?
What are the three types of lighting?
1. Key light
2. Fill light
3. Back light
In what year did the Lumiere brothers begin showing film to the public for a small fee?
What is the sequence of a eye-line match cut?
eyes -> what the eyes are looking at -> eyes
What is a complete unit of plot action?
What is rack focus?
Where the focus of the camera switches between subjects.
What are sounds created by artists with objects for elements of the film?
What is the name of sounds recorded at the time of filming? (such as dialogue)
What is the categorization of narrative films?
Post WWII film style in America that takes advantage of Low Key lighting and anti-heros?
What year did silent films end?
What were the first sound films called?
What are sounds that derive from a source we don't see?
What is synchronous sound?
Sound that matches up directly with what is occurring on screen.
When did the Haze Code begin?
How many frames per second does the camera shoot?
24 frames per second
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