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Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
- Suggests that before more sophisticated, higher-order needs can be met, certain primary needs must be satisfied
Love and belongingness
Suggest that a lack of some basic biological requirement such as water produces a drive to obtain that requirement
A basic motivational phenomena that underlies primary drives and involves the body's tendency to maintain a steady internal state
Suggest that motivation stems from the desire to obtain valued external goals, or incentives
Suggest that motivation is a product of people's thoughts, expectations, and goals
- Intrinsic motivation
- Extrinsic motivation
Need for achievement
A stable, learned characteristic in which satisfaction is obtained by striving for and attaining a level of excellence
Need for power
Tendency to seek impact, control, or influence over others, and to be seen as a powerful individual
Feelings that generally have both physiological and cognitive elements and that influence behavior
Functions of emotions
Preparing us for action
Shaping our future behavior
Helping us interact more effectively with others
The belief that emotional experience is a reaction to bodily events occurring as a result of an external situation
The belief that both physiological arousal and emotional experience are produced simultaneously by the same nerve stimulus
The belief that emotions are determined jointly by a nonspecific kind of physiological arousal and its interpretation based on environmental cues
Facial feedback hypothesis
Not only reflects emotional experience, but also helps determine how people experience and label emotions
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