50 terms

Crime and Punishment

New English File Upper Intermediate SB p149
...a crime (most formal)
...the law (neutral)
...something illegal (most informal)
blackmail, blackmailer, to blackmail
the crime of demanding money from a person by threatening to tell somebody else a secret about them (noun, noun, verb)
bribery, to bribe
the crime of offering a sum of money or something valuable to somebody to persuade them to help you, especially by doing something dishonest (noun, verb)
burglary, burglar, to break in/burgle
the crime of entering a building illegally and stealing things from it (noun, noun, verb)
drug dealing, drug dealer, to sell drugs
the crime of selling illegal drugs (noun, noun, verb)
fraud, to commit fraud
the crime of cheating somebody in order to get money or goods illegally (noun, verb)
For example: She was charged with credit card ______.
hijacking, hijacker, to hijack
the crime of using violence or threats to take control of a vehicle, especially a plane, in order to force it to travel to a different place or to demand something from a government (noun, noun, verb)
For example: The plane was _______ed by two armed men on a flight from London to Rome.
kidnapping, kidnapper, to kidnap
the crime of taking somebody away illegally and keeping them as a prisoner, especially in order to get money or something else for returning them (noun, noun, verb)
For example: Two businessmen have been ________ped by terrorists.
mugging, mugger, to mug
the crime of attacking somebody violently, or threatening to do so, in order to steal their money, especially in a public place (noun, noun, verb)
murder, murderer, to murder
the crime of killing somebody deliberately (noun, noun, verb)
Synonym = homicide
For example: She has been charged with the attempted ________ of her husband.
rape, rapist, to rape
the crime of forcing somebody to have sex with you when they do not want to by threatening them or using violence (noun, noun, verb)
robbery, robber, to rob
the crime of stealing money or goods from a bank, shop/store, person, etc, especially using violence or threats (noun, noun, verb)
For example: armed ________ (= using a gun, knife, etc.)
smuggling, smuggler, to smuggle
the crime of taking, sending or bringing goods secretly and illegally into or out of a country (noun, noun, verb)
For example: drug __________
terrorism, terrorist
the use of violent action in order to achieve political aims or to force a government to act (noun, noun)
For example: an act of _________
to set off
...bombs = to make them explode (phrasal verb)
theft, thief
the crime of stealing something from a person or place (noun, noun)
For example: car ________
steal (stole, stolen)
to take something from a person, shop/store, etc. without permission and without intending to return it or pay for it (verb)
For example: _________ (from somebody/something) We found out he'd been ________ing from us for years.
vandalism, vandal, to vandalize
the crime of destroying or damaging something, especially public property, deliberately and for no good reason (noun, noun, verb)
For example: an act of _______
assassination, assassin, to assassinate
to murder an important or famous person, especially for political reasons (noun, noun, verb)
For example: The prime minister was ________d by terrorists.
the crime of killing somebody illegally but not deliberately (noun)
For example: The charge has been reduced to _________.
shoplifting, shoplifter, to shoplift
the crime of stealing goods from a shop/store by deliberately leaving without paying for them (noun, noun, verb)
pickpocketing, pickpocket, to pick pockets
the crime of stealing money, etc. from other people's pockets, especially in crowded places (noun, noun, verb)
take a person to a police station and keep them there because the police believe they may be guilty of a crime (verb / noun)
For example: A man has been ______ed in connection with the robbery.
an official claim made by the police that somebody has committed a crime (noun / verb)
For example: criminal _______s
to carefully examine the facts of a situation, an event, a crime, etc. to find out the truth about it or how it happened (verb)
For example: The FBI has been called in to _______.
to ask somebody questions about something, especially officially (verb)
For example: She was arrested and _______ed about the fire.
to decide and state officially in court that somebody is not guilty of a crime (verb)
For example: The jury ________ted him of murder.
the place where legal trials take place and where crimes, etc. are judged (noun)
For example: the civil/criminal _______s
Her lawyer made a statement outside the ______.
the information that is used in court to try to prove something (noun)
For example: I was asked to give _______ (= to say what I knew, describe what I had seen, etc.) at the trial.
a formal examination of evidence in court by a judge and often a jury, to decide if somebody accused of a crime is guilty or not (noun)
For example: He's on _______ for murder.
(of something)
having done something illegal; being responsible for something bad that has happened (adjective)
For example: The jury found the defendant not _______ of murder.
Opposite = innocent
a person in a court who has the authority to decide how criminals should be punished or to make legal decisions (noun)
For example: a High Court _______
a group of members of the public who listen to the facts of a case in a court and decide whether or not somebody is guilty of a crime (noun)
For example: members of the ______
information, documents, etc. that show that something is true (noun)
For example: There is no _______ that the knife belonged to her.
an act or a way of punishing somebody (noun)
For example: What is the _______ for murder?
the punishment given by a court (noun)
For example:
a jail/prison _________
a light/heavy _________
a decision that is made by a jury in court, stating if somebody is considered guilty of a crime or not (noun)
For example: Has the jury reached a _______?
a person who sees something happen and is able to describe it to other people (noun)
For example: Police have appealed for ________es to the accident.
community service
doing some work to help society as a punishment, e.g. painting, cleaning, etc (noun)
a sum of money that must be paid as punishment for breaking a law or rule (noun / verb)
For example: a parking/speeding _______
a building where people are kept as a punishment for a crime they have committed, or while they are waiting for trial (noun)
Synonym = jail
For example: He was sent to _______ for five years.
life sentence
the punishment by which somebody spends the rest of their life in prison (noun)
For example: He's currently serving a ______ for murder.
capital punishment
punishment by death (noun)
death penalty
the punishment of being killed that is used in some countries for very serious crimes (noun)
For example:
the abolition/return of the ________
The two men are facing the _________.
rioting, rioter, riot
a situation in which a group of people behave in a violent way in a public place, often as a protest (noun, noun, verb)
For example: One prison guard was killed when a ____ broke out in the jail.
looting, looter, loot
the crime of stealing things from shops/stores or buildings after a riot, fire, etc (noun, noun, verb)
For example: More than 20 shops were _____.
corruption, be corrupt
dishonest or illegal behaviour, especially of people in authority (noun, verb)
For example: allegations of bribery and _____
The new district attorney has promised to fight police ____.
a mark made by the pattern of lines on the tip of a person's finger, often used by the police to identify criminals (noun)
For example: His ______s were all over the gun.

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