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Terms in this set (89)

1) Forming/Orientation Stage- Early stage can be chaotic and uncertain
Members get acquainted
Members seek to define purposes of the group when group is goal oriented
When formal leader exists, pressure to guide group through this stage
When no formal leader, one may be elected or may emerge
2) Storming/Conflict Stage- Conflict stage emerges as goals and purposes emerge and as a leader exerts influence
Hostility and tension merges between members
Leader may be put to a test, challenges to leadership may arise
Group may divide over issues and form subgroups
3) Norming Stage- Groups make it through stage 2 generally because a respected member, other than the leader, challenges the group to resolve its power structure
Group discussions foster an emergence of cooperative behaviors
Consensus develops around goals and leadership
Sense of liking and trust develops
Standards/norms and stable roles are set
Sense of togetherness & a feeling of team spirit
Individuals begin to feel cohesive and express readiness to move ahead
4) Performing Stage- Group achieves maturity, when task and emotional needs of group members are handled well
Teams are task groups that have matured to the performing stage (but not slipped into decay)
Not very common
Many work groups never qualify as a team

Mature and effective groups and teams:
Accept feelings in a non-evaluative way
Disagree over real and relevant issues
Make decisions rationally and encourage dissent
Have an awareness of their process
Members understand nature of their involvement
5) Adjourning- The work is done! Time to move on to other tings
Return to independence can be eased by rituals celebrating "the end" or "new beginnings"
Leaders can use this stage to reflect on valuable lessons to prepare individuals for future group projects