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Probation, Parole, and Intermediate Sanctions CH 12
Terms in this set (31)
is the most common form of punishment in the United States
Which sentencing arrangement allows judges to combine probation with incarceration?
The formal process by which probation is ended and a probationer is punished for a crime is called what?
What are the purposes of probation?
The protection of the community
The rehabilitation of the probationer
describes the number of clients a probation officer is responsible for at any one time.
An action taken by a probationer or parolee that, although not criminal, breaks the terms of probation is known as what?
There are several general goals of probation, one of which is protecting the public. What are the other general goals?
The idea that a low-level offender sent to prison for a technical probation violation is more likely to reoffend than if the offender were able to avoid incarceration has led to the idea of
are a series of punishments that become more severe with each subsequent act of wrongdoing.
Parole is based on which concepts?
Contract of consent
Indeterminate sentencing occurs when the legislature sets a range of punishments for particular crimes, and the judge and the parole board exercise discretion in determining the actual length of the prison term. If a state uses this system of indeterminate sentencing, it is said to have a system of
Who is responsible for determining the conditions of parole, aiding in the continuing supervision of the parolee, discharging the offender when the conditions of parole have been met, and determining whether parole privileges should be revoked?
Which legislation provides victims with the right to be reasonably notified of any parole proceedings and provides them with the right to attend and be reasonably heard at such proceedings?
Crime Victim's Rights Act
provide(s) a number of additional sentencing options for wrongdoers who require stricter supervision than that supplied by probation, but for whom imprisonment would be unduly harsh and counterproductive.
Which programs are generally reserved for young or first-time offenders who have been arrested on charges of illegal drug use, child or spousal abuse, or sexual misconduct and present an interruption of criminal proceedings?
Pretrial diversion programs
The most common problem-solving courts are
What form of probation offers a more restrictive alternative to regular probation with higher levels of face-to-face contact between offenders and officers?
Intensive supervision probation (ISP)
Which program is designed to shock criminals into compliance with the law?
programs are a variation on traditional shock incarceration where offenders are sent to a boot camp instead of prison or jail.
What are the general levels of home monitoring restriction?
A system that contacts an offender periodically by voice or text to verify the offender's whereabouts is known as what?
Critics of intermediate sanctions argue that these sanctions have a negative effect on the corrections system. What are these negative effects?
Widen the net
Which technological advancement made home confinement more viable?
The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) and other statutes allow judges to seize property gained from or used in criminal activities through which process?
In addition to imprisonment or probation, what sentencing options do judges have?
Pretrial diversion programs
Which risk factors make a probationer more likely to recidivate?
Antisocial personality patterns
Social supports for crime
The correctional supervision of offenders in the community as an alternative to sending them to prison or jail is known as what?
Which goal of corrections focuses on preparing the offender for a return to the community?
Offenders that have used a weapon during the commission of a crime, are convicted on multiple charges, or seriously injured the victim of the crime are some of the reasons an offender is likely to be denied what?
The U.S. Constitution must not be violated; the sentence must be targeted to rehabilitation; and the community must be protected are all conditions for which type of corrective action?
Who is responsible for conducting the presentence investigation and supervising the offender?
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