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Terms in this set (24)
How did the Treaty eventually lead to WWII?
Germany was forced to accept full responsibility for causing the war and this left the whole country angry and economically devastated. As a result of WWI, many nations faced economic and social problems.
What was Italy doing during the 1930s that would lead to the world war?
Led by dictator Benito Mussolini the Italian troops invaded Ethiopia and made that African nation part of Italy.
How would you describe the Government in Germany leading up to WWII?
Rule was by one party (nazi party) that denied basic human rights to its people. The government controlled the media (no freedom of press) to communicate their ideas and "brainwash" their people to believe that the Jews were responsible for all of Germany's struggles.
What was Germany doing during the 1930s that would lead to the world war?
Germany began to re-arm itself, moved into the Rhineland (near France) annexed Austria and Sudetenland. The German army marched into plan after Breaking the Munich agreement and seized that nation as a "living room" for the German people.
What was the U.S strategy in the pacific called? What were some of the key battles?
The U.S. strategy in the pacific was called island hopping. The U.S. military one chose to pick strategic islands in the pacific to invade in order to move closer to the island nation of Japan. In one battle the U.S. invaded the Japanese island Iwo Jima where 5,900 Marines would die. The battle would end in a U.S. victory. The final battle in the U.S. island hopping campaign was in Okinawa. This would be the largest battle in the Island Hopping campaign seeing 130,000 total casualties. The U.S. would choose to stop here and drop two atomic bombs.
How did the European nations respond to Germany and its leader Adolf Hitler?
The Allies decided to focus their attention on defeating Hitler and Nazi Germany first. The US decided to enter the war in Northers Africa to work on logistics and build up strength to defeat the Axis powers. Against the Japanese, the Allied commanders use island-hopping; moving troops/ships from island to island moving closer to the island of Japan. Precision on Pinpoint Bombing and Area/strategic bombing were used.
Originally, the Soviet Union, Germany, and Japan had nonaggression pacts. What happened to change this?
In 1939 the Germans had signed the German-Soviet Non-agression Pact with the Soviet Union. This document secretly divided with most eastern Europe between tow powers. What Hitler wanted was the Soviet Union's expensive oil fields more land for the German empire so he broke the agreement and launched an attack upon the Russians.
How did the US change its policy with Cash-and-Carry and Destroyers-for Bases programs?
The US was becoming increasingly more and more involved in the war in Europe. At first he US would only sell supplies to those who could pay cash and pack them up. The US become the "arsenal of democracy" ad they built up war supplies and loosened the restrictions to send war supplies to the Allies.
What was the United States foreign policy during the 1930s?
The US remained isolationist at first Americans were consumed by the great depression and did not want to get involved in another world war. The Us claimed neutrality but eventually contributed to the Allied war effort.
What finally brings the Untied States into the war?
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor became the "date which wold live infamy" and ended US neutrality. The day after the attack on Pearl Harbor, FDR asked congress for a declaration of war. The US entered WWII alongside the allies.
What nations will be known as the Allied Powers?
Russia, United Kingdom (Scotland and England), and later Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Newfoundland, South Africa, United States, China, Norway, and India.
What nation will be known as the Axis powers?
First there were Germany, Japan, and Italy and then Romania, Bulgaria, Thailand, Finland, and Iraq join the fight.
What was the Holocaust?
German Nazi program to exterminate Jews, Gypsies, and other groups in Europe. This as planned with great detail and had to be executed by many people. Thousands of people had to be a part of this "killing machine" ignored for it to be carried out.
What was the US response to the Holocaust?
Some people believe that that IS did what it could, while others argue that the US did not do enough. The US ignored requests and had immigration quotas in place that restricted refugees from entering. The war refugee Board set up by FDR in 1944, saved more than 200000 Jewish refugees.
What were some of the Allied forces' strategies in the War?
The Allies used a policy of appeasement. That is, Britain and France disagreed with Hitler's action but still gave him demands because they hoped it would lead to peace. they hoped Hitler would stop with the Sudetenland and not continue invading his neighbors. When Hitler invaded Poland the world knew that he was not planning to stop.
What were some of the Axis forces' strategies in the war?
Hitler's army and air force used blitzkrieg or lighting warfare to take over Poland, Netherlands, Belgium, and France. Much of the controversy regarding Japan's role in WWII reveals around the death rates of prisoners of war and civilians under Japanese occupation. There was evidence of mass killing, medical experimentation, chemical weapons, torture in camps, forced labor, and rape.
What was the war front like?
The office of war mobilization coordinated and organized the production of war materials, American were forced to decrease consumption through rationing. Woman filled job factors previously held by men. Fear that Japanese-Americans might be loyal to Japan, led to their internment in camps. In Korematsu vs. United States the Supreme Court ruled during wartime, individual rights can be limited as needed.
What was it like at home for Americans?
Individuals were held accountable for their action against civilians during war time. Victims spoke up and emphasized the importance of nations thought out the wool to intervene when such horrible human rights violation occurred.
What was the Manhattan Project? Who was in charge of this project?
The Manhattan Project was headed by Robert Oppenheimer and worked secretly to create this atomic bomb technology. This group formed under President FDR and was made up of the world's best scientists. This project was so secretive that when Harry S. Truman Became president (he had been vice president and took over then FDR died in office_ had no knowledge the group nxistested or that the technology had been developed.
What did the United States use two nuclear weapons?
President Harry S. Truman faced the dilemma of whether or not to use this technology to end WWII. If the US continued to war, many more American lives would be lost. The Japanese did not seem ready to back down or lighten their fighting tactics. These would be used to end the war.
How di the war end in Europe? Who won?
Civilians killed during WWII totaled from 42 to 52 million, including 13 to 20 million from war related disease and famine. Many of these civilians were targeted specifically. The Final solution resulted in the death over 11 million people. WWII me up of two war fronts, the European theater and the Pacific theater.
How did the war end in Asia? Who won?
The war in the pacific ended with the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other bombing attacks but eh US, accompanied by the Soviet invasion of Manchuria, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender. The official surrender of Japan took place September 2, 1945.
What happened to the relationship between the Untied States and Soviet Union?
The Us and Soviet Union were allies throughout WWII ignored to defeat a common enemy, Hitler/Axis powers. With two different political structures, the nations help opposing values. When he US used the atomic bombs, Stalin felt that he had been left out and tensions mounted. This future will be tense between the two.
What happened at the Nuremberg trials?
Allied forced began to take large numbers of Axis prisoners in April 1945, as the reality sunk in Hitler deiced to take his own life inches bunker to avoid defeat. News of the pending surrender bro in May of 1945 and celebrations erupted throughout Europe. In the Us, Americans woke to the news and declared May 8 V-E Day (Victory in Europe Day)
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