47 terms

Georgia Milestones Science Review - 5th Grade

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Mass
the amount of matter in an object
Physical Change
a change in size, shape, or state of matter that does not create a new kind of matter
Chemical Change
change in matter that produces new kinds of matter with different properties
Mixture
matter made up of two or more substances or materials that are physically combined
Change in State
type of physical change
Static Electricity
an electric charge that builds up on a material
Electric Circuit
the pathway that an electric current follows
Insulator
material that resists the flow of electricity or heat
Conductor
material that can carry electricity or heat
Bar Magnet
has a north and south pole; opposite ends of me attract to each other; allows objects of metal to stick
Electromagnet
a temporary magnet that uses electricity to produce magnetism
Vertebrate
an animal with a backbone
Invertebrate
an animal that lacks an internal skeleton or bones
Fish
vertebrate with scales that lives its entire life in water
Amphibian
a vertebrate that begins life in water
Reptile
a vertebrate with scaly skin; cold-blooded and lays eggs on land
Bird
vertebrate with feathers and is warm-blooded
Mammal
vertebrate with hair and produce milk for the young; warm-blooded
Classification
process of grouping similar things together; used to group living things
Gymnosperm
a vascular plant that produces seeds in cones, not flowers or fruits
Angiosperm
a vascular plant that produces seeds from flowers
Learned Behavior
something that an animal acquires through experience
Inherited Trait
a characteristics that is passed down from parents to offspring
Genes
short segment of DNA that determines an organism's inherited trait
Cell Wall
found only in plant cell that supports and protects a plant's cell; this is located outside the cell membrane
Cell Membrane
found in the plant and animal cells; it protects the cell and holds it together; controls what goes into and out of the cell
Cytoplasm
the gel-like material that surrounds the internal parts of a cell
Nucleus
a part of a cell that directs all cell activities and carries information for cell reproduction
Chloroplast
an organelle that makes food from sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide
Plant Cell
basic unit of life for one group of organisms and contains several different organelles that contain a cell wall and chloroplasts; makes its own food
Animal Cell
basic unit of life for one group of organisms and contains several organelles that is surrounded by a cell membrane; can't make its own food
Beneficial Microorganism
living thing that is too small to be seen without a microscope and has a positive impact on life
Harmful Microorganism
living thing that is too small to be seen without a microscope and has a negative impact on life
Constructive Process
something that creates landforms
Destructive Process
something that destroys landforms
Deposition
constructive force in which sediments that have been moved from one place are dropped or released in another place
Earthquake
violent shaking of Earth's crust as-built up energy is released
Delta
area of new land at the mouth of a river and formed by deposition
Sand Dune
result of weathering that is shaped by the wind
Volcano
constructive and destructive process and different shapes and form over a hot spot as a plate moves over it
Fault
crack in Earth's crust along which movement take place
Erosion
destructive force in which pieces of rock are moved from place to place, as by flowing water, gravity, or ice
Weathering
destructive force that breaks down rocks into smaller pieces
Seismograph
used to measure and record movement in Earth's crust, tell how strong an earthquake is and its epicenter
Dam
a wall across a river that controls the flow of the river water
Levee
a wall along a river channel or other body of water that serves to prevent flooding by keeping water behind it
Jetty
thin, narrow wall built from the shoreline into the ocean