US Naturalization Test 100 Questions

the Constitution
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Terms in this set (100)
▪ capitalist economy ▪ market economyWhat is the economic system in the United States?*▪ Everyone must follow the law. ▪ Leaders must obey the law. ▪ Government must obey the law. ▪ No one is above the law.What is the "rule of law"?▪ Congress ▪ legislative ▪ President ▪ executive ▪ the courts ▪ judicialName one branch or part of the government.*▪ checks and balances ▪ separation of powersWhat stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?▪ the PresidentWho is in charge of the executive branch?▪ Congress ▪ Senate and House (of Representatives) ▪ (U.S. or national) legislatureWho makes federal laws?▪ the Senate and House (of Representatives)What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*▪ one hundred (100)How many U.S. Senators are there?▪ six (6)We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?▪ Jon Ossoff ▪ Raphael WarnockWho is one of your state's U.S. Senators now?*▪ four hundred thirty-five (435)The House of Representatives has how many voting members?▪ two (2)We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?Marjorie Taylor GreeneName your U.S. Representative.▪ all people of the stateWho does a U.S. Senator represent?▪ (because of) the state's population ▪ (because) they have more people ▪ (because) some states have more peopleWhy do some states have more Representatives than other states?▪ four (4)We elect a President for how many years?▪ NovemberIn what month do we vote for President?*Joe BidenWhat is the name of the President of the United States now?Kamala HarrisWhat is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?▪ the Vice PresidentIf the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?▪ the Speaker of the HouseIf both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?▪ the PresidentWho is the Commander in Chief of the military?▪ the PresidentWho signs bills to become laws?▪ the PresidentWho vetoes bills?▪ advises the PresidentWhat does the President's Cabinet do?▪ Attorney General ▪ Vice PresidentWhat are two Cabinet-level positions?▪ reviews laws ▪ explains laws ▪ resolves disputes (disagreements) ▪ decides if a law goes against the ConstitutionWhat does the judicial branch do?▪ the Supreme CourtWhat is the highest court in the United States?▪ NineHow many justices are on the Supreme Court?▪ John Roberts ▪ John G. Roberts, Jr.Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?▪ to print money ▪ to declare war ▪ to create an army ▪ to make treatiesUnder our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?▪ provide schooling and education ▪ provide protection (police) ▪ provide safety (fire departments) ▪ give a driver's license ▪ approve zoning and land useUnder our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?▪ Brian KempWho is the Governor of your state now?▪ AtlantaWhat is the capital of your state?*▪ Democratic and RepublicanWhat are the two major political parties in the United States?*▪ Democratic (Party)What is the political party of the President now?▪ Nancy PelosiWhat is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?▪ Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote). ▪ You don't have to pay (a poll tax) to vote. ▪ Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.) ▪ A male citizen of any race (can vote).There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.▪ serve on a jury ▪ vote in a federal electionWhat is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*▪ vote in a federal election ▪ run for federal officeName one right only for United States citizens.▪ freedom of expression ▪ freedom of speech ▪ freedom of assembly ▪ freedom to petition the government ▪ freedom of religion ▪ the right to bear armsWhat are two rights of everyone living in the United States?▪ the United States ▪ the flagWhat do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?▪ give up loyalty to other countries ▪ defend the Constitution and laws of the United States ▪ obey the laws of the United States ▪ serve in the U.S. military (if needed) ▪ serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed) ▪ be loyal to the United StatesWhat is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?▪ eighteen (18) and olderHow old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*▪ vote ▪ join a political party ▪ help with a campaign ▪ join a civic group ▪ join a community group ▪ give an elected official your opinion on an issue ▪ call Senators and Representatives ▪ publicly support or oppose an issue or policy ▪ run for office ▪ write to a newspaperWhat are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?▪ April 15When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*▪ at age eighteen (18) ▪ between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)When must all men register for the Selective Service?▪ freedom ▪ political liberty ▪ religious freedom ▪ economic opportunity ▪ practice their religion ▪ escape persecutionWhat is one reason colonists came to America?▪ American Indians ▪ Native AmericansWho lived in America before the Europeans arrived?▪ Africans ▪ people from AfricaWhat group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?▪ because of high taxes (taxation without representation) ▪ because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering) ▪ because they didn't have self-governmentWhy did the colonists fight the British?▪ (Thomas) JeffersonWho wrote the Declaration of Independence?▪ July 4, 1776When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?▪ New Hampshire ▪ Massachusetts ▪ Rhode Island ▪ Connecticut ▪ New York ▪ New Jersey ▪ Pennsylvania ▪ Delaware ▪ Maryland ▪ Virginia ▪ North Carolina ▪ South Carolina ▪ GeorgiaThere were 13 original states. Name three.▪ The Constitution was written. ▪ The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.What happened at the Constitutional Convention?▪ 1787When was the Constitution written?▪ (James) Madison ▪ (Alexander) Hamilton ▪ (John) Jay ▪ PubliusThe Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.▪ U.S. diplomat ▪ oldest member of the Constitutional Convention ▪ first Postmaster General of the United States ▪ writer of "Poor Richard's Almanac" ▪ started the first free librariesWhat is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?▪ (George) WashingtonWho is the "Father of Our Country"?▪ (George) WashingtonWho was the first President?*▪ the Louisiana Territory ▪ LouisianaWhat territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?▪ War of 1812 ▪ Mexican-American War ▪ Civil War ▪ Spanish-American WarName one war fought by the United States in the 1800s▪ the Civil War ▪ the War between the StatesName the U.S. war between the North and the South.▪ slavery ▪ economic reasons ▪ states' rightsName one problem that led to the Civil War.▪ freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation) ▪ saved (or preserved) the Union ▪ led the United States during the Civil WarWhat was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*▪ freed the slaves ▪ freed slaves in the Confederacy ▪ freed slaves in the Confederate states ▪ freed slaves in most Southern statesWhat did the Emancipation Proclamation do?▪ fought for women's rights ▪ fought for civil rightsWhat did Susan B. Anthony do?▪ World War I ▪ World War II ▪ Korean War ▪ Vietnam War ▪ (Persian) Gulf WarName one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*▪ (Woodrow) WilsonWho was President during World War I?▪ (Franklin) RooseveltWho was President during the Great Depression and World War II?▪ Japan, Germany, and ItalyWho did the United States fight in World War II?▪ World War IIBefore he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?▪ CommunismDuring the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?▪ civil rights (movement)What movement tried to end racial discrimination?▪ fought for civil rights ▪ worked for equality for all AmericansWhat did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*▪ Terrorists attacked the United States.What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?▪ Cherokee ▪ Navajo ▪ Sioux ▪ Chippewa ▪ Choctaw ▪ Pueblo ▪ Apache ▪ Iroquois ▪ Creek ▪ Blackfeet ▪ Seminole ▪ Cheyenne ▪ Arawak ▪ Shawnee ▪ Mohegan ▪ Huron ▪ Oneida ▪ Lakota ▪ Crow ▪ Teton ▪ Hopi ▪ InuitName one American Indian tribe in the United States.▪ Missouri (River) ▪ Mississippi (River)Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States▪ Pacific (Ocean)What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?▪ Atlantic (Ocean)What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?▪ Puerto Rico ▪ U.S. Virgin Islands ▪ American Samoa ▪ Northern Mariana Islands ▪ GuamName one U.S. territory.▪ Maine ▪ New Hampshire ▪ Vermont ▪ New York ▪ Pennsylvania ▪ Ohio ▪ Michigan ▪ Minnesota ▪ North Dakota ▪ Montana ▪ Idaho ▪ Washington ▪ AlaskaName one state that borders Canada▪ California ▪ Arizona ▪ New Mexico ▪ TexasName one state that borders Mexico.▪ Washington, D.C.What is the capital of the United States?*▪ New York (Harbor) ▪ Liberty IslandWhere is the Statue of Liberty?*▪ because there were 13 original colonies ▪ because the stripes represent the original coloniesWhy does the flag have 13 stripes?▪ because there is one star for each state ▪ because each star represents a state ▪ because there are 50 statesWhy does the flag have 50 stars?*▪ The Star-Spangled BannerWhat is the name of the national anthem?▪ July 4When do we celebrate Independence Day?*▪ New Year's Day ▪ Martin Luther King, Jr. Day ▪ Presidents' Day ▪ Memorial Day ▪ Independence Day ▪ Labor Day ▪ Columbus Day ▪ Veterans Day ▪ Thanksgiving ▪ ChristmasName two national U.S. holidays.