one unaccompanied melodic line
combination of two or more simultaneous melodic lines
polyphonic composition with 2-6 melodic lines or voices
independent composition or the introduction to another set of pieces (brief keyboard piece)
a popular renaissance keyboard form exploiting the performer's technical brilliance
a multimovement composition for orchestra and one or more solo instruments
formal design for first movement of a composition. 3 subcategories:
1. Exposition: two tonal areas with a bridge modulating one tonal key to another.
2. Development: moves through several keys.
3. Recapitulation: Closing section which may end the tonic, or the composer may add an optional closing passage (coda)
"ABACA". Used in last movement of a piece (fast and merry tempo)
18th century movement led by French intellectuals who advocated reason as universal source of knowledge and truth
small instrumental ensemble
first practice/second practice
old style music (church music)/new style (polyphonic)
rhythm is free and flexible; not monotone
follows formal design
led protestant reformation
did not believe music should be sung in latin, just vernacular
setting a poem to music
musical illustration of verbal concepts
religious song; polyphonic sung in latin
secular, for entertainment; introduced in Italy
minuet and trio
ABA form. Simplest movement of a symphony/string quartet
solo improvised section of music; not written out
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