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22 terms

Art of Listening Test 2

STUDY
PLAY
Renaissance
"rebirth"
Monophonic Texture
one unaccompanied melodic line
polyphonic texture
combination of two or more simultaneous melodic lines
fugue
polyphonic composition with 2-6 melodic lines or voices
prelude
independent composition or the introduction to another set of pieces (brief keyboard piece)
toccata
a popular renaissance keyboard form exploiting the performer's technical brilliance
Solo Concerto
a multimovement composition for orchestra and one or more solo instruments
Sonata-Allegro
formal design for first movement of a composition. 3 subcategories:
1. Exposition: two tonal areas with a bridge modulating one tonal key to another.
2. Development: moves through several keys.
3. Recapitulation: Closing section which may end the tonic, or the composer may add an optional closing passage (coda)
rondo
"ABACA". Used in last movement of a piece (fast and merry tempo)
Enlightenment
18th century movement led by French intellectuals who advocated reason as universal source of knowledge and truth
chamber music
small instrumental ensemble
first practice/second practice
old style music (church music)/new style (polyphonic)
recitative
rhythm is free and flexible; not monotone
aria
follows formal design
Martin Luther
led protestant reformation
John Calvin
did not believe music should be sung in latin, just vernacular
art song
setting a poem to music
word painting
musical illustration of verbal concepts
motet
religious song; polyphonic sung in latin
madrigal
secular, for entertainment; introduced in Italy
minuet and trio
ABA form. Simplest movement of a symphony/string quartet
cadenza
solo improvised section of music; not written out