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Literal Sense (Of the Biblical Text)

" The literal sense is the meaning conveyed by the words of the scripture and discovered by exegesis following the rules of the sound interpretation"

Literary Genre

A type of writing that has a particular form, style, or content


The process used by scholars to discover the meaning of the biblical text


St. Jerome's fifth-century Latin translation of the Bible into the common language of the people of his day

Dead Sea Scrolls

Discovered in 1947 in caves near the Dead Sea, these manuscripts belonged to the Jewish Essene sect, which lived in a monastery at Qumran. The scrolls contain Essene religious documents, commentaries on certain Hebrew Scriptures, and ancient Old Testament manuscripts. They have proved very valuable to scholars in studying the Old Testament and for learning about some Jewish practices at the time of Jesus.

Church Father

A traditional title given to theologians of the first eight centuries whose teachings made a lasting mark on the Church

Liturgy of the Hours

The prayer of the Church; it is also known as the Divine Office. The Liturgy of the Hours utilizes the Scriptures, particularly the Psalms, for specific times of the day from early morning to later evening


an extent of compassion where many elements of a story stands for deeper realities like abstract ideas moral qualities or spiritual realities


a written account of a person's life


a formal statement of religious belief


a story that gives the cause of something


a brief story with a moral; often uses animals that act and speak like human being


a chronological narrative or record of events, as in the life or development of a people, country, or institution


a rule of conduct or standard of behavior established by proper authority society or custom


an inspired utterance made by a prophet that expresses God's will


record of one's ancestors


a deliberately exaggerated saying to highlight the topic under discussion

Miracle Story

for example, a nature miracle is a report of a powerful sign performed by Jesus to show his mastery over the elements


a question or statement that teases the mind; it requires thought and applications


a vivid story told to convey religious truth usually with a surprise ending

Pronouncement Story

a passage whose propose is to set up an important

literal sense

teaches history for example, what words say in the historical context

allegorical sense

teaches what you should believe that is that is what the word means in the context of Salvation history

moral sense

teaches what you should do regarding how to live your life

anagogical sense

teaches where you are going building up the virtue of hope while leading up to Heaven

Source Criticism

is like literary detective work that helps discover where the biblical authors got thier material

Form Criticism

involves studying small units of biblical text to attempt to determine how each book took shape in the period of oral tradition before the actual writing of the biblical books

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