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27 terms

Theology Chapter 2

vocab
STUDY
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Literal Sense (Of the Biblical Text)
" The literal sense is the meaning conveyed by the words of the scripture and discovered by exegesis following the rules of the sound interpretation"
Literary Genre
A type of writing that has a particular form, style, or content
Exegesis
The process used by scholars to discover the meaning of the biblical text
Vulgate
St. Jerome's fifth-century Latin translation of the Bible into the common language of the people of his day
Dead Sea Scrolls
Discovered in 1947 in caves near the Dead Sea, these manuscripts belonged to the Jewish Essene sect, which lived in a monastery at Qumran. The scrolls contain Essene religious documents, commentaries on certain Hebrew Scriptures, and ancient Old Testament manuscripts. They have proved very valuable to scholars in studying the Old Testament and for learning about some Jewish practices at the time of Jesus.
Church Father
A traditional title given to theologians of the first eight centuries whose teachings made a lasting mark on the Church
Liturgy of the Hours
The prayer of the Church; it is also known as the Divine Office. The Liturgy of the Hours utilizes the Scriptures, particularly the Psalms, for specific times of the day from early morning to later evening
Allegory
an extent of compassion where many elements of a story stands for deeper realities like abstract ideas moral qualities or spiritual realities
biography
a written account of a person's life
creed
a formal statement of religious belief
Etiology
a story that gives the cause of something
fable
a brief story with a moral; often uses animals that act and speak like human being
History
a chronological narrative or record of events, as in the life or development of a people, country, or institution
Law
a rule of conduct or standard of behavior established by proper authority society or custom
prophecy
an inspired utterance made by a prophet that expresses God's will
Genealogy
record of one's ancestors
Hyperbole
a deliberately exaggerated saying to highlight the topic under discussion
Miracle Story
for example, a nature miracle is a report of a powerful sign performed by Jesus to show his mastery over the elements
Riddle
a question or statement that teases the mind; it requires thought and applications
Parable
a vivid story told to convey religious truth usually with a surprise ending
Pronouncement Story
a passage whose propose is to set up an important
literal sense
teaches history for example, what words say in the historical context
allegorical sense
teaches what you should believe that is that is what the word means in the context of Salvation history
moral sense
teaches what you should do regarding how to live your life
anagogical sense
teaches where you are going building up the virtue of hope while leading up to Heaven
Source Criticism
is like literary detective work that helps discover where the biblical authors got thier material
Form Criticism
involves studying small units of biblical text to attempt to determine how each book took shape in the period of oral tradition before the actual writing of the biblical books