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This is Chapter 2 of the 9th grade catholic high school theology textbook at Archbishop Prendergast. The chapter title is Introduction to Sacred Scripture.

literal sense(of the biblical text)

"The literal sense is the meaning conveyed by the words of Scripture and discovered by exegesis, following the rules of sound interpretation"(CCC,116).

literary genre

A type of writing that has a particular form,style,or content.


The process used by scholars to discover the meaning of the biblical text.


an extended comparison where many elements of a story stand for deeper realities like abstract ideas,moral qualities ,or spiritual realities.


a written account of a person's life.


a formal statement of religious belief.


a story that gives the cause of something.


a brief story with a moral; often uses animals that act and speak like human beings.


a chronological narrative or record od events, as in the life or development of a people, country, or institution.


a rule of conduct or standard of behavior established by proper authority,society,or custom


an inspired utterance made by a prophet,which expresses God's will


a record of one's ancestors


a deliberately exaggerated saying to highlight the topic under discussion

Miracle Story

for example, a nature miracle is a report of a powerful sign performed by Jesus to show his mastery over the elements


a question or statement that teases the mind; it requires thought and application


a vivid story told to convey religious truth,usually with a surprise ending

Pronouncement Story

a passage whose purpose is to set up an important saying

literal sense

teaches history,for example,what the words say in a historical context

allegorical sense

teaches what you should believe,that is, what the words mean in the larger context of Salvation History.

moral sense

teaches where you should do regarding how to live your life.

anagogical sense

teaches where you are going,building up the virtue of hope while leading us to Heaven


St.Jerome's fifth-century Latin translation of the Bible into the common language of the people of his day.

Dead Sea Scrolls

Discovered in 1947 in caves near the Dead Sea,these manuscripts belonged to the Jewish Essene sect, which lived in a monastery at Qumran. The scrolls contain Essene religious documents,commentaries on certain Hebrew Scriptures,and ancient Old Testament manuscripts. They have proved very valuable to scholars in studying the Old Testament and for learning about some Jewish practices at the time of Jesus.

Church Father

A traditional title given to theologians of the first eight centuries whose teachings made a lasting mark on the Church

New Revised Standard Version

most important modern revision of the King James Bible

Revised English Bible

The British equivalent of the New Revised Standard Version.

New International Version

A conservative translation by scholars from thirty-four different denominations

New American Bible

The Church uses this translations for the readings at liturgies in the United States.

New Jerusalem Bible

borrowed heavily from the French Bible, La Sainte Bible, which in turn is an important and scholarly translation from the original languages

Historical Criticism

tries to determine the historical context of the biblical text

Liturgy of the Hours

The prayer of the Church; it is also known as the Divine Office. The Liturgy of the Hours utilizes the Scriptures,particularly the Psalms , for specific times of the day from earl morning to later evening.

Source Criticism

literary device work that helps discover where the biblical authors got their material

Form criticism

involves studying small units of biblical text to an attempt to determine how each book took shape in the period of oral tradition before the actual writing of the biblical books

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