Create an account
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
A condition in which capillaries or alveoli of the lungs are damaged from infection, injury, blood loss, or inhalation injury causing fluid to leak from the capillaries into the alveoli to collapse
removal of gas or fluid by suction or the sucking of fluid or a foreign body into the airway when breathing
chronic inflammatory respiratory disease marked by periodic attacks of wheezing, shortness of breath, a tight feeling in the chest, and a cough that produces mucous caused by an allergic reaction
bronchioles and possible some of the bronchi are partly or completely obliterated by graulation and fibrotic tissue
abnormal pattern of breathing in which the tidal volume gradually increases, then gradually decreases and a period of apnea before normal breathing pattern returns
a form of bronchitis characterized by excess production of sputum leading to a chronic cough and obstruction of air flow
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Any irreversible respiratory diseases that are characterized by airflow obstruction or limitation
abnormal permanent enlargement of gas-exchange airways accompanied by destruction of alveolar walls without obvious fibrosis
purulent is persistently discharged into the pleural space because of the complications of bacterial infections
Extrinsic allergic alveolitis
inflammation of the lung caused by an immune reaction to small airborne particles such as bacteria, mold, and fungi
fracture of several consecutive ribs is in more than one place or the fracture of the sternum plus several consecutive ribs
period during which blood or blood-stained sputum is spit or coughed from the bronchi, larynx, trachea, or lungs
increased carbon dioxide in the arterial blood caused by hyperventilation of the alveoli
Large cell carcinoma
cells are large and contain darkly stained nuclei, can grow to distort the trachea and cause widening of the carina
increased by the amount of tobacco smoked, combination of smoke and alcohol consumption
bronchogenic carcinomas, arise from the epithelium of the respiratory tract, most common cause of cancer death
Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
wake up at night gasping for air, may have to sit up or stand to relieve the dyspnea
presence of fluid in the pleural space, migration of fluids and other blood components through the walls of intact capillaries bordering the pleura
inflammation in the lung caused by infection from bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites, or resulting from aspiration of chemicals
blood clot dislodges from its site of origin and embolizes to the arterial blood supply of one lung.
site of pleural rupture acts as a one-way valve, permitting air to enter on inspiration but preventing its escape by closing up during expiration
Staging of non-small cell cancer, T denotes the extent of the primary tumor, N indicates the nodal involvement, and M describes the extent of metastasis
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together