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AP Psychology Unit 13 Flashcards

Terms in this set (79)

- Counterconditioning pairs the trigger stimulus (the enclosed space of the elevator) with a new response (relaxation) that is incompatible with fear.
- Two specific counterconditioning techniques- exposure therapy and aversive conditioning- replace unwanted responses.
- Exposure therapies have patients face their fear, and thus overcome their fear response itself. One widely used exposure therapy is systematic desensitization. Wolpe assumed that you cannot be anxious and relaxed at the same time. Therefore, if you can repeatedly relax when facing anxiety-provoking stimuli, you can gradually eliminate your anxiety.
- Developments in virtual reality therapy suggest the likelihood of increasingly sophisticated simulated worlds in which people, using avatars, try out new behaviors in virtual environments.
- Aversive conditioning is when therapists want to substitue a negative (aversive)response for a positive response to a harmful stimulus (such as alcohol). Thus aversive conditioning is the reverse of systematic desensitization- it seeks to condition an aversion to something the person should avoid. It associates the unwanted behavior with unpleasant feelings. For example, alcohol use disorder, a therapist offers the client appealing drinks laced with a drug that produces severe nausea. Aversive conditioning may work in the short run. The problem is that cognition influencing conditioning. People know that outside the therapist's office they can drink without fear of nausea. Thus, therapists often use aversive conditioning in combination with other treatments.