20 terms

Traditional and contemporary theories of counseling

Freud, (talk therapy) clients are encouraged to talk about how they feel freely.
psychic determinism
eveything we do or feel have a purpose or meaning
unconscious motivation
behavior derives from our unconscious awareness
3 anxieties
Moral, Neurotic, Reality
Defense Mechanisms
Repression, Regression, Rationalization, Reaction information, Introjection, Projection, Denial, Sublimation, Identification, Displacement, compensation
(psychoanalysis) the process whereby emotions are passed on or displaced from one person to another (ex: client transfering love onto the counselor)
adlerian therapy
psychosocial-learn about attitude toward life-main goal is confronting basic mistakes and assumption the clt holds and attempting to redirect them
fictional finalism
idea of who you want to be
guiding self idea
obsessed with being perfect
acting as if
clients act how they desire or wish but can't
spitting in the client soup
making their behavior less appealing in efforts of confronting them to change
paradoxical attention
increase the clients awareness of their ineffective behavior by exaggerating their symptoms.
stimulus generalization
neutral stimilus gets the same response as the conditioned response.
Ex: boy gets bitten by dogs becomes scared of any 4 legged animal
stimulus discrimination
being able to distinguish between 2 different things
Ex: child molestor and an appropriate touch
to decrease a reaction
arbitrary inference
drawing conclusions without accurate supporting evidence.
Ex: failing a test and you drop out of the class bc you think you can't do the work
selective abstraction
basing one's thinking on a small detail taken out of context and given an incorrect meaning
Ex; letting one bad comment ruin your whole day
making a general rule off of 1 experience
Ex; son comes home late and you fuss at him saying he's always late
Dichotomous thinking
Thinking in which things are perceived as "either/or"- for example, good or bad, big or small, right or wrong.
rational emotive behavior therapy, exposes and confronts the dysfunctional thoughts of the clients