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Terms in this set (52)
Idylllyric poetry describing the life of the shepherd in pastoral, bucolic, idealistic termsVillanelleA French verse form calculated to appear simple and spontaneous but consisting of nineteen lines and a prescribed pattern of rhymes (aba)light versea general category of poetry written to entertain, such as lyric poetry, epigrams, and limericks. It can also have a serious side, as in parody or satire.haikuJapanese verse form consisting of three lines, (5,7,5) usually seventeen syllables.Limerickhumorous nonsense-verse in five anapestic lines rhyming aabba, a-lines being trimeter and b-lines dimeterAmphibrachunstressed, stressed, unstressedAnacrusisan extra unaccented syllable at the beginning of a line before the regular meter beginsAmphimacerstressed, unstressed, stressedCatalexisan extra unaccented syllable at the ending of a line after the regular meter endsCaesuraa pause in the meter or rhythm of a lineEnjambmentA run-on line, one continuing into the next without a grammatical breakRimeold spelling of rhyme, which is the repetition of like sounds at regular intervals, employed in versification, the writing of verseend rhymerhyme occurring at the ends of verse lines; most common rhyme forminternal rhymerhyme contained within a line of verserhyme schemepatterns of rhyme within a unit of verse; in analysis, each end rhyme sound is represented by a lettermasculine rhymerhyme in which only the last, accented syllable of the rhyming words correspond exactly in sound; most common kind of end rhymeFemenine Rhymerhyme in which two consecutive syllables of the rhyme words correspond, the first syllable carrying the accent; double rhymehalf rhyme (slant rhyme)imperfect, approximate rhymeAssonancerepetition of two or more vowel sounds within a lineConsonancerepetition of two or more consonant sounds within a linealliterationrepetition of two or more initial sounds in words within a lineOnomatopoeiathe technique of using a word whose sound suggests its meaningeuphonythe use of compatible, harmonious sounds to produce a pleasing, melodious effectcacophonythe use of inharmonious sounds in close conjunction for effect; opposite of euphonyMetaphora figure of speech which makes a direct comparison of two unlike objects by identification or substitutionSimileA direct comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as."conceitan extended metaphor comparing two unlike objects with powerful effectPersonificationA figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human qualitiesApostropheaddressing a person or personofied object not presentMetonomythe substitution of a word which relates to the object or person to be named, in place of the name itselfsynecdochea figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versahyperbolegross exaggeration for affectlitotesan understatement for effectironythe contrast between actual meaning and the suggestion of another meaningsymbolismthe use of one object to suggest another, hidden object or ideaimagerythe use of words to represent things, actions, or ideas by sensory descriptionparadoxa statement which appears self contradictory but underlines a basis of truthoxymoroncontradictory terms brought together to express a paradox for strong effectallusiona reference to an outside fact, event, or other sourcetoneauthors attitude towards is audience and his subjectthemeauthors major idea or meaningdramatic situationthe circumstances of the speaker