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AP Chem-- Basic Chemical Equation Formulas

Ms. Gibb, 10/18/11, Grade 10
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salt
an ionic compound composed of a cation from a base and an anion from an acid
oxide
most metals or non-metals + oxygen -->
base
metallic oxide (soluble) + water -->
acid
non-metallic oxide + water -->
salt
most active metals + nonmetals -->
gas
nonmetal + nonmetal (catalyst) -->
metal + water
some metal oxides + reducing agent -->
individual elements and/or molten salts
water, acids, bases, salts + electric curent -->
metal oxide + CO2
metal carbonates + heat -->
metal + oxygen
some salts (metal oxides) + heat -->
new salt + nonmetal
nonmetal (active halogen) + salt (something less active than halogen) -->
salt + H2
metal (above hydrogen in EMF) + acid (except CON, H2SO4, HNO3) -->
salt + H2
metal + base -->
base + H2
active metal + water -->
salt + water
acid + base -->
salt + water
soluble metallic oxide + acid -->
salt + water
nonmetallic oxide + base -->
new acid + new salt
acid + salt-->
new base + new salt
base + salt -->
new salt (AD) + new salt (BC)
salt (AB) + salt (CD) -->