AP Psych Unit 3 Missed Questions
Terms in this set (70)
"Fight-or-flight" behavior is associated with
the sympathetic nervous system
A brain tumor in the limbic system is most likely to produce changes in a person's
A male child inherits ____ from their father
only a y chromosome
A person who has suffered damage to the hippocampus would be expected to have difficulty with
remembering new information
A recording of brain waves using electrodes placed on the scalp is called a
A task that is most likely coordinated by the association cortex is
carry messages from the sense organs to the CNS
All brain scanning techniques currently face weaknesses in terms of how they image the brain. Which of the following would best explain the weakness of the PET scan?
It is not as good as the MRI in distinguishing fine details of brain structure
All of the following are important components of the endocrine system except
Amy has an itch on her nose and would like to scratch it. What part of her nervous system will carry the message to move her arm and scratch her nose.
somatic nervous system
Arousal would be most likely to be produced by stimulation of the
reticular activating system
Behavior consistently found in a species is likely to have a genetic basis that evolved because the behavior has been adaptive. Which of the following human behaviors illustrates this concept?
Cells that have not yet determined which type of tissue they will become are known as
Charles Darwin's theory of evolution proposes all of the following EXCEPT
humans evolved from monkeys
Damage to the ________ would impair our ability to think and perceive.
Dendrites do all of the following EXCEPT
carry messages to the terminal buttons
Disturbances of the neurotransmitter ________ can produce memory problems.
Eddie has just stepped on a nail. There are pain messages moving through many of his neurons. Which of the following is the best summation of how that message will move from one neuron to the next?
neurotransmitters generated by the pain-receptor neurons carry messages to receptor sites on the next neuron.
Hallucinogenic drugs, such as LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), produce their effects via an action on the neurotransmitter
Hearing a bird sing involves the transfer of auditory information from the ear through the ________, which will direct messages to the auditory cortex.
In a neuron the ________ determines whether or not a given neuron will "fire."
In most people, ________ of the brain is most involved in visual-spatial activities.
the right side
In the ________ procedure, a composite picture of neuron activity is produced by detecting atomic particles emitted by a radioactive dye that is selectively absorbed by active neurons.
Individuals who abuse opiates such as heroin or morphine are artificially increasing their levels of
Individuals who suffer from depression sometimes lack which of the following neurotransmitters?
Marla has MS, which means that, even though she knows that she wants to walk, her brain is not communicating well with her muscles. Which one of the following is happening in Marla's nervous system?
the myelin sheath surrounding the nerve cells in her motor pathways is beginning to break down
Nerve fibers that interconnect the left side of the brain to the right side of the body (and vice versa) cross over the brain midline at the
Neural signals travel along a neuron in what order?
dendrite, soma, axon, terminal button
Place the following in the correct order to show the sequence in which a message might be sent from the brain through the endocrine system.
hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid
Research now suggests that which of the following brain stem functions plays a role in remembering sequential events, such as the notes in a melody?
Sam works as a bicycle messenger in lower Manhattan. Whether he knows it or not, he relies of his nervous system's production of ________, which carry information between ________, to enable him to maneuver safely.
neurotransmitters, nerve cells
Schizophrenia is thought to involve a higher-than-normal level of ________ in some circuits of the brain.
Scientists now believe that glial cells play an important role in all of the following EXCEPT
Secretions from the thyroid gland control
Sperry and Gazzaniga found that split-brain patients could verbally identify a spoon
that was presented in the right visual field
The "master gland" is a term that refers to the
The fMRI has the capacity both to produce detailed images and to
distinguish more active tissues from less active ones
The charge in the resting neuron is
primarily a negative charge
the doctrine of phrenology suggested that
the brain had areas that were responsible for certain functions, indicated by bumps on the skull
the parasympathetic nervous system is a subdivision of
the autonomic nervous system
the process of reuptake involves
neurotransmitters moving from the synapse back to the presynaptic terminal buttons
The sexual desire of a woman is primarily determined by hormones produced by her
The specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biology, behavior, and mental processes is
The story of H. M. shows that damage to the ________ would be expected to impair your ability to remember events that occurred after the injury.
The ________ controls functions such as reasoning, creating, and problem solving.
The ________ is a limbic region that sends messages to the "master gland," which in turn controls the endocrine system.
The ________ is important for the human ability to tap dance and walk on a tightrope.
The ________ is responsible for trafficking almost all of the brain's incoming and outgoing sensory and motor information.
The ________ of the human brain accounts for two-thirds of the brain's total mass.
The ________ processes information about body position.
What is one of the benefits of using an fMRI?
it provides the most detailed images of the brain and brain activity
When an action potential moves down an axon, all of the following occur EXCEPT
a chemical messages accompanies the electrical impulse as it migrates along the axon
Which of the following is NOT characteristic of Down syndrome?
a single outstanding talent or "gift," usually of an artistic nature
Which of the following is true about interneurons?
they form complex circuits in the brain
Which of the following might carry a neural message across the synapse?
Which of the following neurotransmitters is most closely linked to pleasurable sensations generated in the limbic system?
Which of the following situations is NOT processed by the limbic system?
you are trying to reason through a logic problem in math class
Which of the following structures is attached to the brain stem, where it is involved in the coordination of movement?
Which of the following type of measure that would be most appropriate for revealing abnormalities in brain waves such as occurs in an epileptic seizure?
Which one is a scanning device that produces very detailed images without using X-rays or radioactive substances?
Which part of the brain communicates directly with the "master gland" of the endocrine system?
Which scanning method produces a computerized image of X rays that have been passed through the brain at various angles?
Which sensory system does NOT relay information through the thalamus en route to the cortex?
Which technique for studying the brain relies on the brain's electrical activity?
While swimming, George made a bad turn during the last lap and hit his head and neck on the wall. He is now having trouble breathing. Which of the following brain stem areas would be responsible for this function?
You are sleeping and are suddenly startled by the fire alarm in your house going off. Almost immediately you are awake and ready to find your family to help them outside. Which of the following areas of the brain stem would most likely be responsible for your speedy alert behavior?
________ are biochemical substances that are released into the synaptic cleft to stimulate or suppress other neurons.
________ developed the concept of ________.
Franz Gall, localization of function
________ is an example of a parasympathetic function.
Monitoring the operation of the body's routine functioning
________ neurons carry messages to the central nervous system, and ________ neurons carry messages away from the central nervous system.
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