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BOLD 207 Test 2
Terms in this set (34)
Wash yourselves; make yourselves clean;
remove the evil of your deeds from before my eyes;
cease to do evil,
learn to do good;
bring justice to the fatherless,
plead the widow's cause
He was oppressed, and he was afflicted,
yet he opened not his mouth;
like a lamb that is led to the slaughter,
and like a sheep that before its shearers is silent,
so he opened not his mouth.
For if you truly amend your ways and your deeds, if you truly execute justice one with another, if you do not oppress the sojourner, the fatherless, or the widow, or shed innocent blood in this place, and if you do not go after other gods to your own harm, Hymnsthen I will let you dwell in this place, in the land that I gave of old to your fathers forever.
psalms that offer general praise to God for his character and
attributes displayed in creation. Psalms of Divine Kingship and Zion Psalms are subcategories of this genre
psalms that express profound grief over suffering whether caused by one's own sin (penitential laments), the oppression of an enemy (imprecatory lament), or the shared suffering of an entire group (communal lament). Such psalms often complain regarding the unjust conditions of life or even of God's failure, from the psalmists' point of view, to keep certain promises
psalms that express gratitude for specific acts of salvation in Israel's history or in the personal life of the psalmist.
psalms that celebrate the Davidic covenant and praise Yahweh for his governance through the Davidic dynasty
Divine Kingship Psalms
psalms that celebrate Yahweh's rule over all creation even in the absence of the Davidic dynasty. Most of these psalms contain the phrase "The LORD reigns" (Yahweh malak) usually at the beginning or end or both
psalms that ask God to enact curses upon one's enemies.
a hymn that praises God for the beauty and wisdom of
the law (torah)
a hymn that praises God for the display of his
wisdom in creation and for making that wisdom accessible to humans
Psalms of Ascent
Psalms 120 - 134 all of which contain the heading "A Psalm of Ascents" and all of which apparently were sung during pilgrimage to Mt. Zion
Psalms of Confidence
psalms that encourage sufferers to maintain trust in God despite circumstances (e.g. Ps 23; Ps. 73)
Psalms of Remembrance
psalms that review Israel's history as evidence of divine faithfulness despite human failure
Psalms that express praise for YHWH's choice of Zion as his holy dwelling place
A hymn that begins or ends with the imperative "hallelujah" and builds into a climax of praise. The Psalter contains two sections of hallel hymns. The first is Pss 113-118 (Egyptian Hallels) and the second is Pss 145-150 (The Great Hallel's).
poems that are arranged according to the Hebrew alphabet in which the first letter of the first word of each line or each stanza begins with successive letters of the alphabet (e.g. Psalm 119; Lamentations, Prov. 31)
a literary figure who introduces the main content of a book or story and who may reappear at the end to evaluate the book's contents. Such a figure introduces the main speaker in Ecclesiastes and evaluates this speakers wisdom in the final verses of the book
attributing personal qualities to impersonal or even inanimate entities as a way of describing them.
a repeated word or phrase that serves to link a series of sayings or literary units together. They are especially prevalent in Proverbs where they create chains or clusters of proverbs by means of this linkage
a pun based either on similar sounds between two different words.
a literary structure based on a mirror image or inverted symmetry
the use of extremes to express the whole (e.g. "heaven and earth" for all creation)
comparison of two unlike things without the use of "like" or "as"
when something closely related to another thing is used to represent that thing (e.g. "the halls of justice" in reference to a courtroom)
A question posed not for the purpose of receiving information, but for the purpose of indirectly making a point. It invites the reader/listener to ponder the question posed for the truth to which it points.
comparison of two unlike things with the use of "like" or "as"
the basic unit of Hebrew poetry consisting of a terse line typically containing a complete clause. Cola may occur in combinations such as bicolon (two cola), tricolon (three cola), and tetracolon (four cola) all developing the same thought or poetic image often by means of parallelism
a subdivision of a poem consisting of 2-12 cola
when a part of something is used to represent the whole (e.g. A pair of claws scuttled across the ocean floor. I.e. a crab scuttled across the ocean floor.)
two words that typically occur together to convey a single idea or a whole concept (e.g. heaven and earth, day and night, Jacob and Israel, Yahweh and God)
The close semantic and rhythmic relationship that exists between 2-4 lines of Hebrew poetry. Usually this relationship is marked by intensification or progression in the second and successive lines. A number of types of parallelism are possible and a list is given below
the omission of an element (usually a verb) in line B that occurs in line A and can therefore be inferred from line A.
when a clause or thought extends beyond one colon and is completed in the following colon. Enjambed bicola do not display parallelism.
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