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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. How to lower social desirability
  2. Interviewer Bias
  3. p-value
  4. Physical Traces
  5. convieninece sampling
  1. a selected respondents primarily because of their availability and willingness to respond
  2. b part of indirect observation. Looking at recycling in recycling bin for example or things highlighted in a textbook or if its a "product" it could be cave paintings, MTV, Star Wars Toys
  3. c for statistical significance. Low p-value most likely means type II error
  4. d occurs when the interviewer records only selected positions of a participants response or asks questions to fit them
  5. e a.) reassuring participants your data will be confidential
    b)asking participants to tell the truth
    c) writing questiones so that undesirable traits are percieved as normal
    d) using validity scales
    e) using a multimethod approach

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. mail surveys, personal interviews, telephone interviews, and internet surveys
  2. can be generally defined as any objective coding
  3. Occurs when some information is selected to be depositeded into archives but other information is not. i.e. Not all activities or events appear in a high school yearbook
  4. 1. Enhances external validity
    2. Involves studying behavior in different locations and under different circumstances and situations. By sampling under different circumstances research reduced the chance that their observations will be unique to specific circumstances or conditions
  5. the degree to which two or more independent observers agree

5 True/False questions

  1. Selective Survivalarises when records are incomplete or missing researchers must take this into account. i.e some people dont have photos from their divorce era or their "fat years"


  2. Effect sizemeasured by "d"are important because they help determine if an effect is meaningful, they make it possible to compare data across studies, they are necessary in power studies to detect a particular effect


  3. Participant observationResearchers observe peoples behavior as they are actively participating in the situation they are observing. This is very good for behavior and situations that are not normally open to observation. "disguised" and "undisguised"


  4. Cross Sectional DesignA research design in which investigators compare groups of subjects of differing age who are observed at a single point in time.


  5. discriminant validitythe extent to which observations may be generalized (depends on how behavior is sampled)