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sample of blood is spun in a test tube so that red cells fall to the bottom and percentage of RBCs is taken
white blood cell differential
leukocytes are stained and counted under a microscope to see numbers of mature and immature forms
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
venous blood is collected ; anti-coagulant added and the distance cells fall in a period of time is determined
reduction in hemoglobin (color)or reduction in red cells due to excessive cell destrution
red blood cell morphology
a stained blood smear is examined to determine the shape of individual red blood cells
determines the presence of antibodies in infants of Rh-negative women or patients with autoimmune hemolytic anemia
hematopoietic stem cell transplant
undifferentiated blood cells from a donor are infused into a patient being treated for leukemia or aplastic anemia
bone marrow biopsy
needle is introduced into the bone marrow cavity, and a small amount of marrow is aspirated and then examined under the microscope
iron deficiency enemia
most common of anemias; cause by lack of iron (which is required for hemoglobin production). Many erythrocytes are small(microcytic) and have increase central pollar(hypochromic), variations in size(anisocytosis)and shape(poikilocytosis)
signs of AML
affects primarily adults;platelets and erythrocytes are diminished because of infiltration and replacement of the bone marrow by large numbers of myeloblasts
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