37 terms

Music Tempo and Style Terms (Italian)

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issimo (ending)
very
etto (ending)
somewhat
grave
slow and solemn (~40 bpm)
largo
broad, very slow and dignified (~50 bpm)
(i.e. sort of ... )
Johann Maelzel
inventor of the metronome
metronome
a device that produces regular, metrical ticks (beats, clicks) — measured in beats per minute.
Italian
the language most commonly used in Western Art Music to set the speed of a piece of music or movement of music.
larghetto
somewhat broad, slow and dignified (~60 bpm)
60 beats per minute (bpm)
the speed of a clock tick
adagio
slow, "at ease" (~70 bpm)
lento
slow, "sluggish" (~50 bpm)
tempo
the speed of the music; "time"
andante
a walking pace, (~80 - 100 bpm)
moderato
medium speed, moderately (~110 bpm)
allegretto
somewhat fast and lively (100 bpm)
vivace
fast and lively, similar to vivacious (~130 bpm)
allegro
fast, lively, bright (~120 bmp)
presto
very fast (~180 bpm)
prestissimo
as fast as possible, very very fast (~200 bpm)
accelerando, accel.
gradually getting quicker, accelerate
ritardando, ritard, rit. or rallentando
gradually getting slower
meno
less
molto
very much
più
more
a tempo
return to the previous or original speed
rubato
flexible or changing speed,
"robbed time" (NOT like a robot)
con
with
subito
suddenly
cantabile
in a singing style
dolce
Sweetly
maestoso
majestically
leggerio
lightly
fermata
a hold or pause;
(longer than the note value, looks like a dot with an arch over it, an eye)
poco
a little
Grazioso
gracefully
Furioso
furiously
Grandioso
With grandeur
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