Webster's dictionary defines it as "A systematic means of communicating ideas or feelings by the use of articulate vocal sounds."
Subfamilies that were divided into groups which consist of sets of individual languages.
A line drawn on a map around the area in which a linguistic feature is to be found, such as a particular pronunciation of a given word.
Is a type of contact-induced change whereby languages with many bilingual speakers mutually borrow morphological and syntactic features, making their typology more similar.
Language shift, sometimes referred to as language transfer or language replacement or assimilation, is the progressive process whereby a speech community of a language shifts to speaking another language.
Sound change includes any processes of language change that affect pronunciation (phonetic change) or sound system structures (phonological change)
Technique using the vocabulary of an extinct language to recreate the language that proceeded the extinct language.
Proto Indo European Nostratic
The unrecorded language from which all Indo-European languages are hypothesized to derive.
An attempt to explain the pattern of agricultural land use in terms of accessibility , costs, distance, and prices.
The conquest theory is the idea that the proto-indo-european language family was spread through the conquest of neighboring states, and as they were conquered they adopted the conquering state's language.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction. Typically a nation's official language will be the one used in that nation's courts, parliament and administration.
An artificial language based as far as possible on words common to all the European languages.
Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.
A society in which different cultural groups keep their own identity, beliefs, and traditions.
Small, usually rural and ethnically homogeneous enclaves situated within a larger and more diverse cultural context.
A culturally shared trait that gives an ethnic or cultural group a strengthened sense of awareness and self-identity.