Meiosis/ Mitosis

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Terms in this set (...)

Homologous chromosome
body cells that have the same structure and size, and carry the same genes
meiosis
cell division that produces sperm and egg
haploid
cells that contain 1/2 the usual number of chromosomes
diploid
cells with a pair of every chromosomes
chromatid
1/2 of a duplicated chromosome
centromere
place where chromatids are connected
DNA
molecules that contains the information that determines traits
chromosomes
compact structure of tightly wound DNA
cell cycle
life cycle of a eukaryotic cell, broken into 3 phases, interphase, mitosis, and cytokinesis
interphase
part of cell cycle where the cell is not dividing. Cell grows in size, DNA duplicated, organelles produced.
mitosis
part of cell cycle where nucleus divides, and results in 2 nuclei that are identical to original.
cytokinesis
division of parent cell's cytoplasm and forming of 2 complete new cells

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