9 terms

Journal 1 - "Activating Words: First Civilizations"

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Terms in this set (...)

Cultural Diffusion
The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another
Polytheism
Belief in or worship of more than one god.
City-State
A city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
Dynasty
A series of rulers from the same family
Empire
A group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
Theocracy
A government controlled by religious leaders.
Caste
A Hindu social class system that controlled every aspect of daily life, a set of rigid social categories that determined not only a person's occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society
Mandate of Heaven
A political theory developed during the Zhou Dynasty of ancient China in which those in power were believed to have the the right to rule from divine authority.
Confucianism
A philosophy that adheres to the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. It shows the way to ensure a stable government and an orderly society in the present world and stresses a moral code of conduct.