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23 terms

Art History Ch 6,7,8

STUDY
PLAY
Bi
a Chinese symbol of heaven in a jade disk
Bodhisattva
Deity who refrains from entering nirvana to help others
Chaitya
Buddhist assembly hall
Chakra Dharma
Wheel of law or "teaching"
Emperor Shih Huang Ti
Chinese emperor noted for 2 monumental projects: he began construction on the Great Wall of China and his great underground Tomb, discovered in 1974, with hundreds of terra-cotta statues of army
Forbidden City
Constructed in early 15th century (1407-1420) in the Ming dynasty. Only Chinese emperors and their officials were allowed into it. Yellow, the symbol of the Chinese royal family is the dominate color in Forbidden City-used for tile, decorations, even road bricks
Guang
a libation vessel that is covered
Kondo
In Japan, a hall used to spread Buddhist teachings
Mandala
a magical, geometric symbol of the cosmos, circular in shape
Mudra
a stylized and symbolic hand gesture in Buddhism and Hinduism
Nirvana
an after-life in which reincarnation ends and teh soul is absorbed into the supreme spirit also known as "Samsara"
Pagoda
a multi-story tower built over a sacred relic
Shiva, Vishnu, Devi
3 most important deities of Hinduism
Shiva
a Hindu god of destruction and creation
Siddhartha
the man who became Buddha Sakyamuni, "the enlightened one"
Stupa
a hemispherical Buddhist shrine
Sutra
an account of a sermon or dialogue involving the Buddha
Torana
a gateway near a stupa
Ukiyo-e
Japanese style woodblock prints of the Edo period depicting genre scenes usually featuring the urban life of the bourgeoisies with meticulous details of clothing
Urna
a circle of hair, usually symbolized as a dot, between the eyebrows of a Hindu or a Buddhist figure
Ushnisha
cranial bump- or stylized protuberance from Buddha's forehead, symbolizing superhuman consciousness
Yamato-e
a Japanese style of painting that uses only Japanese themes, has strong diagonal lines and with very little individuality of the facial features
Yin & Yang
complementary polarities. The YIN is cool, dark, soft, moist, weak and yielding. The YANG is hot, bright, hard, dry strong and unyielding