13 terms

Vocabulary Practice

Words on one side, definitions on the other
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the five themes of geography
five big ideas that help people understand geography
place
the geographic theme that answers the question "What is it like there?"
latitude
an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to and including the equator
longitude
an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north and south poles at right angles to the equator. Includes the Prime Meridian
equator
an imaginary line that encircles the Earth halfway and marks 0 degrees latitude
Prime Meridian
an imaginary line from which longitude east and west is measured
absolute location
the location of a point on t he Earth by use of a grid system
coordinates
the latitude and longitude of a place in degrees.
region
an area with one or more common characteristics
climate
the average weather of a place over many years
vegetation
the plant life of a place
Sahel
a transition zone in West Africa that separates the Sahara desert in the north and the savannah in the south
desertification
a process where natural causes like drought and human causes like overgrazing result in a loss of vegetation and drier soil