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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. neuron
  2. Williams syndrome
  3. dendrites
  4. limbic system
  5. hypothalamus
  1. a the major type of cell in the nervous system that sends and receives signals. Often called a brain cell
  2. b an important area located just below the thalamus that serves as a regulator or control center for a number of motivations, such as hunger or thirst
  3. c the branches of a neuron that extend out of the soma in order to receive signals
  4. d a series of interconnected structures that lie between the brainstem and the cortex; it processes emotional feelings and reactions
  5. e a rare genetic disorder that causes a number of problems including cognitive difficulties

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a serious disease that destroys the myelin that protects and insulates nerves
  2. the surface membrane of a neuron is so called because some things can enter it and some things can enter it and some cannot
  3. the branches at the end of the axon of a neuron that send a chemical signal to a muscle, an organ, or to another neuron
  4. Greek for seahorse, this part of the brain bends around the inside of the temporal lobe. An important region for the formation and storage of conscious memories
  5. an area in the brainstem that keeps one awake and attentive to things in the environment

5 True/False questions

  1. plasticitythe brain's ability to change


  2. all-or-none lawthe firing of a neuron. An electical charge travels from one end to the other


  3. electroencephalogram (EEG)sensitive electrodes are placed on a person's scalp each electrode records the electrical firing of cells in a certain region of the cerebral cortex


  4. axonthe relatively long branch that extends out of the soma of a neuron and carries messages


  5. thalamusa brain area that serves as a relay center for the senses