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46 terms

Unit 3 Test - Nationalism, Sectionalism and Reflection (1800-1850)

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Lewis and Clark Expedition
an expansion expedition commissioned by President Jefferson to explore the West.
Judicial Review
the ability of the Supreme Court to name an act of Congress unconstitutional
Marbury vs. Madison
1803 - a case in which the Supreme Court ruled that it had the power to abolish acts they believed unconstitutional
Sacajawea
served as an interpreter, translator and guide for Lewis and Clark
Louisiana Purchase
purchase by the U.S. of France's Louisiana territory - extended the area from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains
War of 1812
War between America and the British empire, Native Americans sided with British. Ended with the Treaty of Ghent
War Hawks
a group of young congressmen from the south and the west who called for war against Britain
Battle of New Orleans
Andrew Jackson's troops defeated superior British forces in New Orleans after the war had ended
Treaty of Ghent
a treaty signed on Christmas Eve in 1814 which declared an end to fighting between the British and the Americans
Eli Whitney
made the first musket of interchangeable parts. He made the first step to discovering tools which uneducated people could use.
Samuel Slater
built first successful textile factory in Massachusetts
Henry Clay's American System
pre civil war assessment designed to unify the nation with protective tariffs,
Erie Canal/National Road
363 mile long artificial waterway connecting the Hudson River with Lake Erie, built in 1825
Nationalism
a devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation
Sectionalism
the placing of interests of one's own region ahead of the interest of a nation as a whole
Missouri Compromise (222)
a series of agreements passed by Congress from 1820-21 to maintain the balance of power between slave states and free states
Monroe Doctrine
a policy of the US opposition to any European interference with the affairs of the Western Hemisphere, announced by President Monroe in 1823
Andrew Jackson
military leader who won series of battles at New Orleans and defeated the Native American's at the battle of Horseshoe Bend
Spoils system
the practice of winning candidates' rewarding their supporters with government jobs
Indian Removal Act
a law which made Native Americans to head west of the Mississippi river.
Trail of Tears
the marches in which the cherokee people were forcibly removed from Georgia to the Indian Territory in 1838-1840
Second Great Awakening
a 19th century religious movement in which individual responsibility for seeking salvation was emphasized, along with need for the personal and social improvement
Revivalism
a desire to revive a former practice
Expansion in Texas
Spanish owned the Mexicans, Mexicans gained independence and Texas, Texas gained independence and joined the union in 1836
Remember the Alamo
Austin argued for independence, Santa Anna went to San Antonio with 4,00 soldiers to fight, Texans drove them out in fort Alamo in 1835
Manifest Destiny
the 19th Century belief that the US would inevitably expand westward to the pacific ocean and into the Mexican territory
Mexican War
Slidell opposed, polk urged war, Kearny marched to New Mexico, group of Americans took Sonoma, California, William Scott's troops captured Mexico City in 1847
California Gold Rush
1848 - James Marshall discovered gold in Sutter's Mill, people went to the West coast in hope to be rich.
Abolitionists
people who opposed slavery
Suffrage Movement
movement in which women wanted to be able to vote.
Declaration of Sentiments
Elizabeth Caddy Stanton and others wrote the Declaration of Sentiments correcting all areas which were unfair to women
Lucretia Mott/Elizabeth Caddy Stanton
held the Seneca Falls convention
Catherine Beecher
a woman who found the statistics in which there were 3 sick women for every healthy one
Sarah and Angeline Grimke
published an appeal to overthrow slavery, opened a school
Dorothea Dix
an activist on the insane, opened first mental asylums
Horace Mann
an american education reformist who also was in the Massachusetts House of reps for 6 years
William Lloyd Garrison
A supporter of women's rights
Transcendentalists
people who emphasized living a simple, easy life
Civil Disobedience
refusal to obey certain laws, demands, and commands of the government
Henry David Thoreau
mostly known for his book Walden which talked about natural surroundings and articles about civil disobedience where he told people to stop listening to the government
Tariff os 1816
a protective tariff designed to aid American industries and to block off French and English products
Jefferson
1801-1809
Madison
1809-1817
Monroe
1817-1825
Adams
1825-1829
Jackson
1829-1837