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Lewis and Clark Expedition

an expansion expedition commissioned by President Jefferson to explore the West.

Judicial Review

the ability of the Supreme Court to name an act of Congress unconstitutional

Marbury vs. Madison

1803 - a case in which the Supreme Court ruled that it had the power to abolish acts they believed unconstitutional


served as an interpreter, translator and guide for Lewis and Clark

Louisiana Purchase

purchase by the U.S. of France's Louisiana territory - extended the area from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains

War of 1812

War between America and the British empire, Native Americans sided with British. Ended with the Treaty of Ghent

War Hawks

a group of young congressmen from the south and the west who called for war against Britain

Battle of New Orleans

Andrew Jackson's troops defeated superior British forces in New Orleans after the war had ended

Treaty of Ghent

a treaty signed on Christmas Eve in 1814 which declared an end to fighting between the British and the Americans

Eli Whitney

made the first musket of interchangeable parts. He made the first step to discovering tools which uneducated people could use.

Samuel Slater

built first successful textile factory in Massachusetts

Henry Clay's American System

pre civil war assessment designed to unify the nation with protective tariffs,

Erie Canal/National Road

363 mile long artificial waterway connecting the Hudson River with Lake Erie, built in 1825


a devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation


the placing of interests of one's own region ahead of the interest of a nation as a whole

Missouri Compromise (222)

a series of agreements passed by Congress from 1820-21 to maintain the balance of power between slave states and free states

Monroe Doctrine

a policy of the US opposition to any European interference with the affairs of the Western Hemisphere, announced by President Monroe in 1823

Andrew Jackson

military leader who won series of battles at New Orleans and defeated the Native American's at the battle of Horseshoe Bend

Spoils system

the practice of winning candidates' rewarding their supporters with government jobs

Indian Removal Act

a law which made Native Americans to head west of the Mississippi river.

Trail of Tears

the marches in which the cherokee people were forcibly removed from Georgia to the Indian Territory in 1838-1840

Second Great Awakening

a 19th century religious movement in which individual responsibility for seeking salvation was emphasized, along with need for the personal and social improvement


a desire to revive a former practice

Expansion in Texas

Spanish owned the Mexicans, Mexicans gained independence and Texas, Texas gained independence and joined the union in 1836

Remember the Alamo

Austin argued for independence, Santa Anna went to San Antonio with 4,00 soldiers to fight, Texans drove them out in fort Alamo in 1835

Manifest Destiny

the 19th Century belief that the US would inevitably expand westward to the pacific ocean and into the Mexican territory

Mexican War

Slidell opposed, polk urged war, Kearny marched to New Mexico, group of Americans took Sonoma, California, William Scott's troops captured Mexico City in 1847

California Gold Rush

1848 - James Marshall discovered gold in Sutter's Mill, people went to the West coast in hope to be rich.


people who opposed slavery

Suffrage Movement

movement in which women wanted to be able to vote.

Declaration of Sentiments

Elizabeth Caddy Stanton and others wrote the Declaration of Sentiments correcting all areas which were unfair to women

Lucretia Mott/Elizabeth Caddy Stanton

held the Seneca Falls convention

Catherine Beecher

a woman who found the statistics in which there were 3 sick women for every healthy one

Sarah and Angeline Grimke

published an appeal to overthrow slavery, opened a school

Dorothea Dix

an activist on the insane, opened first mental asylums

Horace Mann

an american education reformist who also was in the Massachusetts House of reps for 6 years

William Lloyd Garrison

A supporter of women's rights


people who emphasized living a simple, easy life

Civil Disobedience

refusal to obey certain laws, demands, and commands of the government

Henry David Thoreau

mostly known for his book Walden which talked about natural surroundings and articles about civil disobedience where he told people to stop listening to the government

Tariff os 1816

a protective tariff designed to aid American industries and to block off French and English products











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