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Chapter 9: The New Deal (1932 - 1941)

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Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the US during Great Depression and World War II
Eleanor Roosevelt
wife of Franklin Roosevelt and a strong advocate of human rights (1884-1962)
New Deal
the historic period (1933-1940) in the U.S. during which President Franklin Roosevelt's economic policies were implemented
Fireside chats
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
a federally sponsored corporation that insures accounts in national banks and other qualified institutions
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
A relief, recovery, and reform effort that gave 2.5 million poor citizens jobs and land. It brought cheap electric power, low-cost housing, cheap nitrates, and the restoration of eroded soil.
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
New Deal program that hired unemployed men to work on natural conservation projects
National Recovery Administration (NRA)
Enforced codes that regulated wages, prices, and working conditions
Public Works Administration (PWA)
1933; set aside $3 billion to create jobs building roads, sewers, public housing units, and other civic necessities.
Francis Townsend
American physician and social reformer whose plan for a government-sponsored old-age pension was a precursor of the Social Security Act of 1935.
Father Charles Coughlin
a critic of the New Deal; created the National Union for Social Justice; wanted a monetary inflation and the nationalization of the banking system
Huey Long
Louisianna Senator who opposed FDR's New Deal and came up with a , "Share the Wealth" wants to give $5k to all families ,was later assasinated
Second New Deal
a new set of programs in the spring of 1935 including additional banking reforms, new tax laws, new relief programs; also known as the Second Hundred Days.
Works Progress Administration
New Deal agency that helped create jobs for those that needed them. It created around 9 million jobs working on bridges, roads, and buildings.
John Maynard Keynes
British economist who thought deficit spending would create jobs and stimulate the economy.
pump priming
(HH) the spending of government funds in commercial enterprises, to stimulate the national economy
Social Security Act
created a tax on workers and employers. That money provided monthly pensions for retired people.
Wagner Act
1935, also National Labor Relations Act; granted rights to unions; allowed collective bargaining
Collective bargining
procees by which a union negoistes with management for a contract
Fair Labor Standards Act
1938 act which provided for a minimum wage and restricted shipments of goods produced with child labor
Congress of Industrial Organization (CIO)
a federation of unions that organized workers in industrial unions in the United States and Canada from 1935 to 1955
sit-down strike
method of boycotting work by sitting down at work and refusing to leave the establishment
court packing
Where FDR tried to add more members to the Supreme Court to pass his programs.
Black Cabinet
group of African Americans FDR appointed to key Government positions; served as unofficial advisors to the president.
Mary McLeod Bethune
United States educator who worked to improve race relations and educational opportunities for Black Americans (1875-1955)
Indian New Deal
1930's legislation that gave Indians greater control of their own affairs and provided further funding for schools and hospitals.
New Deal Coalition
Alliance of southern conservatives, religious, and ethnic minorities who supported the Democratic Party for 40 years
welfare state
a system of government agencies and programs that provides benefits to the population