43 terms

Renaissance

Renaissance Test
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What are the 3 values portrayed in Renaissance Art
celebration of the individual, love of classical learning, enjoyment of worldy pleasures
Who was Giotta and 2 things he used in his profession?
one of the first renaissance artists; new techniques: fresco-painting wet plaster, painted lifelike figures- a stark contrast to lifeless Middle Ages painting
profession of Lorenzo Ghiberti
goldsmith from Florence
2 importances of Lorenzo Ghiberti
had the 1st great work of the Renaissance: The Doors to the baptistery of Florence; used continuous narration
what is continuous narration
using more than one scene in a picture, telling a story
3 importances of Donatello
created free standing statues; statues=real, lifelike, nude; his great work, Statue of David
importance of Masaccio
developed perspective
what is perspective
technique that gave objects the appearance of distance; objects look smaller, the farther they are; parallel lines come together in distance
how was Middle Ages art size determined?
by importance- more importance, bigger size
who was the greatest Renaissance artist
Michelangelo
professions of Michelangelo
painter, sculptor, architect, poet
great works of Michelangelo
Sistine Chapel, Statue of David, Pieta (man holding Jesus), St. Peter's Basilica
great works of Raphael
paintings of Madonna; The School of Athens
importance of Raphael
blended secular work with religious ideas
which artist was a true Renaissance man?
Leonardo Da Vinci
2 importances of Leonardo Da Vinci
used lighting to add depth and meaning; works focused on human emotions
2 greatest works of Leonardo Da Vinci
The Last Supper; The Mona Lisa
Medici Family- 4 facts
richest family in Europe; controlled banking; ruled Florence; spent own money to beautify it
what did Gutenburg do and why and what was the result?
developed printing press because block printing was slow; incorporating a number of technologies in a new way into the printing press; as a result, books became cheaper and were made faster
Van Eyck
Flemish Painter; used oil-based paints; used layers to create variety of subtle colors when painting
Hans Holbein the Younger
german painter; influenced by the realism of Durer; specialized in painting portraits that were almost photographic in detail; emigrated to England where he painted portraits of King Henry VIII and other members of the English royal family
Albrecht Dürer
german artist; He traveled to Italy to study in 1494. After returning to Germany, Dürer produced woodcuts and engravings. Many of his prints portray religious subjects
Baldassare Castiglione
wrote "The Courtier" which taught how to become a Renaissance man/woman
Francesco Petrarch
humanist; poet; "Father of Renaissance humanism"; wrote both in Italian and Latin; wrote sonnets (14 lined poems) in Italian about a mysterious woman named Laura, his ideal
Niccolò Machiavelli
wrote The Prince; examines the imperfect conduct of human beings. It does so by taking the form of a political guidebook. In The Prince, Machiavelli examines how a ruler can gain power and keep it in spite of his enemies. In answering this question, he began with the idea that most people are selfish, fickle, and corrupt.
Dante
medieval writer; He wrote in the vernacular , his native language, instead of Latin; his native language was Italian
Desiderius Erasmus of Holland
Christian humanist; friends w/Thomas More of England (another Christian humanist); wrote The Praise of Folly. This book poked fun at greedy merchants, heartsick lovers, quarrelsome scholars, and pompous priests. Erasmus believed in a Christianity of the heart, not one of ceremonies or rules. He thought that in order to improve society, all people should study the Bible.
Thomas More of England
tried to show a better model of society. In 1516, he wrote the book Utopia. In Greek, utopia means "no place." In English it has come to mean an ideal place as depicted in More's book.
William Shakespeare
most famous writer of the Elizabethan Age; greatest playwright of all time; revered the classics and drew on them for inspiration and plots. His works display a masterful command of the English language and a deep understanding of human beings. He revealed the souls of men and women through scenes of dramatic conflict. Many of these plays examine human flaws.
define Renaissance
period during which renewed interest in classical culture led to far-reaching changes in art, learning, and views of the world
define patron
a person who supports artists, especially financially
define humanism
a Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements
define secular
concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
define fresco
The art of painting on fresh, moist plaster with pigments dissolved in water
define perspective
an artistic technique that creates the appearance of 3 dimensions on a flat surface
define continuous narration
using more than one scene in a picture; telling a story in a piece of art
Miguel de Cervantes
wrote Don Quixote de la Mancha-about a poor Spanish nobleman who went a little crazy after reading too many books about heroic knights.;Hoping to "right every manner of wrong," Some critics believe that Cervantes was mocking chivalry, the knightly code of the Middle Ages.
define vernacular
everyday language of people in a region or country
causes of the renaissance
focus shifts from church to humans; increase in trade caused by commercial revolution crusades causing people to live it up; byzantine empirer falls, it used to have preserved grecco-roman ideas, so people fled w/ these ideas when escaping
why renaissance began in Italy
center of trade; home to the pope and merchants (wealthy people); trade grows making cities grow so there's an increase in artists and specialized workers; where Grecco-Roman ideas orginated; cities grow: florence-banking, genoa-trade, venice-trade; medici-banking family and beautified florence; popes used church money to rebuild rome, built sistine chapel, commissioned many religious works
Renaissance Man
well educated, esp. in classics; charming polite and witty...; dancing, singing, poetry, and musical talents; strong and athletic
Renaissance Woman
know about classical lit.; play music, dance and be charming; not expected to be poets or painters; inspire men to create art
changes in art
art portrayed in more realistic and lifelike ways; more religious and secular art; writers used vernacular languages; most portrayed one of the 3 Renaissance values