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40 terms

chapter test 9-11 part 1

#1-40 on study guide
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Jefferson's imaugural address reflected
a tone of simplicity and concealeation.
Who said "We are all republicans, we are all federalists" ?
Thomas Jefferson. (this was the election of 1800 which was recognized as a revolutionary period cuz it was the first party change in office)
Jefferson's Secretary of State was
James Madison.
Marbury vs. Madison supreme court
held that an act of congress was unconstitutional. (Marbury wanted to ceritification in cabinet, but they didn't let him so he sued and won)
To bring about the wise and frugal gov't, he promised in his inaugural adress,
Jefferson cut back on military expenses.
Jefferson believed that a large federal debt would mean
high taxes and public corruption.
The Louisiana Purchase
more than doubled the size of the US.
the Louisiana Purchase was a problem for Jefferson because
it was unconstitutional
The primary aim of the Lewis and Clark expedition was to
explore the far northwest beyond the Mississippi in what was still foreign territory.
Lewis and Clark expedition gave the US
a claim to the Oregon country. (previously property of Russia and Britain.)
Alexander Hamiliton was killed in a duel with
Aaron Burr.
the Essex Junto
was an extremest group of federalists in New England who were thinking about seceding ( on the test it ends in secession)
Napolean was willing to sell Louisiana territory because
his french army had just gotten "poned" in Haiti and he didn't want to fight another war.
John Randolf
led the "old republicans."
Aaron burr was tried for treason for
his intrigues concerning Louisiana. ( he wanted to become "ruler" of LA property)
Besides keeping a journal of their travels, Lewis and Clark also
drew maps of the unexplored regions.
american shipping after 1805 was hampered by
1- British impressment 2- British blockade of Europe 3- a french blockade of British Isles.
Jefferson's response to British and French interference with American shipping was
peaceable coersion.
the Embargo Act of 1807
didn't hurt the French.
The 1807 Chesapeake Leopard confrontation involved
a British ship bombarding an American ship.
Macons Bill (number 2)
opened trade with both British and France.
Aaron Burr's treason trial featured John Marshall's insistence upon
a ridgid definitions of treason
After the War of 1812, republicans supported
a national bank and peace time army
The following were causes of the War of 1812:
1- British restrictions of American neutral rights at sea 2- An American desire to obtain more land from Britain (the Canada incident resulting in burning of DC) 3- American fear of British aid to indians who attacked frontier settlements.
In the Battle of Tippecanoe, the hope of an indian confederation to protect their hunting grounds
was ended when they "got poned"
One of the greatest hinderances to American success in the War of 1812 was
the lack of military preparation for war during the Jefferson and Madison administries
During the War of 1812. the most effective victories for the US occured
on the Great Lakes (cuz tiny american ships beat big 'ol british ships)
The greatest humiliation to US during the War of 1812 was when
British invaded and burned Washington DC
British attack on Baltimore's Ft. Mchenry
inspired the writing of the Starred Spangled Banner
British lost Battle of New Orleans because
they frontily assaulted a strong American position.
The provisions of the Treaty of Ghent ending the War of 1812 included
the restoration of the same boundaries as before the war.
At the Hartford Convention, delegates from New England states
proposed a series of constitutional amendments to limit republican influence.
Treaty negotiating end of War of 1812 negotiated in
Ghent ( in Belgium)
Although firmly grounded in republican principles, James Monroe
failed to keep up with the on rush of the new nationalism.
In his first annual message to congress after the War of 1812 president Madison recommended
1- a standing army and strong navy (standing army means an army existing during war and peace time) 2- protection for American industries (cuz Jefferson zapped em!!) 3- a system of roads and canals
the Tariff of 1816 was the 1st tariff intended for
protection rather than revenues
John C. Calhoun accepted the Tariff of 1816 because
he thought it would help turn the south into a manufactoring center.
In the 1st half of the 19th century internal improvements were supported mainly by
people in the west.
the national bank created by congress in 1816 was
1- located in Philidelphia 2-chartered for 2 years 3- deposition for federal funds
Andrew Jackson led American troops to Florida [state] in 1818 in persuit of
Seminole indians.