Random urine specimen
The most common type of sample, it is a single urine specimen taken at any time of day.
First morning urine specimen
Collected after a night's sleep, contains greater concentrations of substances.
Clean catch midstream urine specimen
May be collected and submitted for culturing to identify the number and types of pathogens present.
24-hour urine specimen
Is used to complete a quantitative and qualitative analysis of one or more substances, such as sodium, chloride, and calcium.
The evaluation of urine by various types of testing methods to obtain information about body health and disease.
Normal urine ranges from pale yellow to dark amber. Depends on food or fluid intake, meds, and waste products.
Urine is typically clear, although cloudy urine does not always indicate an abnormal condition.
Insufficient production ( or volume) of urine, occurs in such conditions as dehydration, decreased fluid intake, shock, and renal disease.
Urine specific gravity
Is a measure of the concentration or amount of substances dissolved in urine.
A measure of the degree of acidity or alkalinity of the urine. Normal pH ranges from 5.0 to 8.0, the average urine pH is 6.0 which is slightly acidic.
Bilirubin and Urobilinogen
When hemoglobin breaks down, it converts into conjugated bilirubin in the liver and then to urobilinogen in the intestines.