Terms in this set (25)
________ research examines how the mind works, then ________ research examines how we can use the former
to solve real-world problems
Martina conducts research with prisoners to determine if rewarding them for appropriate behavior will be more
effective than punishing them for inappropriate behavior. In this example, Martina is using a(n) ______
theoretical perspective her research
Which of the following categories involves claims that are always unfalsifiable?
A group of scientists at the University of Wisconsin publish data saying that Alzheimer's disease can be detected
based on the chemical composition of tears. Scientists at the University of Illinois are skeptical about the result,
so they are repeating the study in their own lab. This illustrates the critical thinking principle of
Which of the following psychologists would be most likely to argue that free will is something that does not
truly exist, and that we are simply unaware of the environmental influences that affect our behaviors at any
B. F. Skinner
Dr. Garonski is testing his hypothesis that people use hand gestures more in communication when emotionally
aroused than when calm. When his results were reviewed, it was noted that Dr. Garonski sometimes missed
seeing small gestures in the calm condition. This is an example of
Professor Ross is passing the following objects around the room: a feather, a steel ball, a peach, and a square
piece of sandpaper. He asks his students to concentrate on and describe the intensity and clarity of the images
and sensations that they receive from handling each object. Professor Ross' students are about to engage in
John is interested in the basic elements that underlie self-esteem, while Jim is interested in the adaptive purpose
that self-esteem serves in everyday life. John could be said to subscribe to the perspective of _____, while Jim
could be said to subscribe to the perspective of _____.
Biologists refer to ________ as the extent to which a trait increases the chances that organisms that possess this
trait will survive and reproduce at a higher rate than competitors who lack it
"Why am I so depressed?" asked Mia. "Obviously," said Dr. Fox, "you have inner, unconscious turmoil that we
need to explore." Dr. Fox has a ______ theoretical perspective
Dr. Carter conducts an experiment on the effect of daily vitamin intake on adults' energy level. The daily
vitamin intake is the ______ variable in this experiment
Dr. Silver is interested in studying the emotional experiences of people who suffer a severe spinal cord injury.
She studies one patient by following him through his daily life for six weeks, recording his behaviors, talking to
his peers, and asking him questions about his emotions. Which of the following methods of data collection has
Dr. Silver used?
Chris surveys 50 people about the amount of carbohydrates they consume and the number of hours they sleep at
night. His data reveal a strong relationship between eating more carbohydrates and increased amount of
sleeping. The correlation coefficient that best describes this relationship is____.
April surveys a sample of college freshmen, and finds that people who read more have higher IQ's. She
wonders whether reading leads to higher IQ, or whether people with higher IQ's have a greater desire to read.
What does she need to do in order to determine which hypothesis is correct?
conduct an experiment
Guillome's homework is to find out how many hours college students work at jobs each week. To get this
information, he goes to the college library and asks students this question as they enter the library. He finds that on average, students work 10 hours per week. The main problem with Guillome's method is that ________.
his sample is not representative
The notion of illusory correlation describes how we pay too much attention to situations that support our beliefs
about the world (e.g., the superstitious belief that full moons are associated with increases in deviant behavior).
Illusory correlation is similar to which decision-making error or bias?
Mathematical methods that allow us to determine whether we can generalize findings from our sample to the full
population are called
On the local news, Chad heard about a man who became ill from eating raspberries. The next day he went to the
grocery store and saw raspberries, but because he remembered the case of the man getting sick, he decided not to buy them. Chad's reasoning was influenced by ____.
the availability heuristic
Dr. Johansen randomly assigned subjects to three different groups during her last experiment. She then
proceeded to give each group of participants a different experimental study technique designed to enhance their
learning for the upcoming test. What critical error did she make during her experiment?
She failed to include a control group
Studying behavior in real-world settings is known as_____ and has the advantage of high ______.
naturalistic observation; external validity
Dr. Fredz's believes that watching violence on TV causes children to be more aggressive on the playground. He
has two equal groups of children. Group A watches a funny, non-violent cartoon and Group B watches a funny,
violent cartoon. Then Dr. Fredz observes the children on the playground and records the number of aggressive
moves each child makes. To avoid having a problem with his data, Dr. Fredz should use a ______ research
The placebo and nocebo effects are examples of ________ in experimental research
Dr. Jerome is designing a new questionnaire to measure depression. He is wants to make sure that people who
score high on his questionnaire are truly depressed. He has a clinical psychologist assess level of depression for
his sample independently. Sure enough, his questionnaire and the clinical psychologist's ratings are highly
correlated. He has taken a step toward establishing the ____ of his measure
While ironing, George reaches for the iron, but accidentally touches the hot part of it. He reflexively pulls his
hand away, preventing a serious burn. His quick action was due to neurons in his
Opioid drugs such as morphine affect our nervous systems by binding to receptors for _______.