APUSH Chapter 5
Terms in this set (16)
First Continental Congress (1774)
All colonies but Georgia went to this Congress in Philadelphia in 1774 to determine how the colonies should react to what, from their viewpoint, seemed to pose an alarming threat to their rights and liberties; no talk of secession from England, just wanted to protest parliamentary acts and restore the relationship they had with Britain before the French and Indian War
"Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death"
Founder of the Sons of Liberty and one of the most vocal patriots for independence; signed the Declaration of Independence
Lawyer who defended British soldiers in the Boston Massacre trial. He believed in "innocent until proven guilty." In spite of these actions, he supported colonial independence.
Second Continental Congress
They appointed Washington as the head general. They created an army. They wrote the Articles of Confederation.
Olive Branch Petition
A petition asking the King for protection against parliament and reiterated their allegiance to England.
Thomas Paine; Common Sense
A book written to get colonists to break away. England was not protecting them against their enemies some may say England was not their enemy.
Declaration of Independence
AKA the breakup note. It didn't actually give the colonists their independence.
He was a delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence. He later served as the third President of the United States.
Colonists who wanted independence from Britain
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
Articles of Confederation
This document, the nation's first constitution, was adopted by the Second Continental Congress in 1781 during the Revolution. The document was limited because states held most of the power, and Congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage.
Land Ordinance of 1785
Allowed congress to sell new western territory to raise money
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Precedent for the expansion was to have new states, and to ban slavery from the Ohio river.
Farmers who violently rebelled when government didn't give them a "stay" or extension on their loans.
John Adam's wife, she appealed to her husband to protect the rights of women