31 terms

Chapter 7, Section 2 - The Constitutional Convention

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Why did Congress call this meeting?
Shays' Rebellion
- Showed weakness of Articles of Confederation
Original Purpose of the Constitutional Convention
- to fix the Articles of Confederation
- 55 delegates from 12 states
- Rhode Island did not send anybody
Constitutional Convention gives more power to the __________.
Constitutional Convention gives more power to the federal government.
How are we going to choose the members of these two houses?
Possible answers:
- State legislatures elect both houses
- Roger Sherman (CT): people should have little to do with selection process.
- People should elect the legislature
- James Wilson (PA): elections are the cornerstone and foundation of a democracy.
When was the Great Compromise proposed?
July 16, 1787
What is another name for the Great Compromise? Why was it given this name?
Connecticut Compromise in honor of its architects, Connecticut delegates Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth.
What issue almost crushed and ended the convention?
The issue of representation almost crushed and ended the convention.
What was the first proposal for electing representative members?
Delegates from the large states believed that they should enjoy proportionally greater representation in the Senate as well as in the House.
Why did large states feel they deserved more representatives in the senate and house?
Their states contributed proportionally more to the nation's financial and defensive resources.
How did the small-states want representation to be chosen? Why do you think this?
Small-states wanted equal representation because then each state would have the same amount of votes. With proportional representation, it is based on population, but small states wanted to have the equal amount of votes as the larger states.
In your opinion, why do you think the issue of slavery goes against the principles of the Revolution and the Declaration of Independence?
I think the issue of slavery goes against the principles of the Revolution and the Declaration of Independence because the Americans fought for their freedom and African Americans were not free.
Why was slavery an issue after the Great Compromise?
Because of the issue of representation
What probably would have happened if slavery was eliminated from the constitution?
If slavery was eliminated from the constitution, states in favor of slavery would probably create a constitution in favor of slavery.
What was the name of the compromise that settled the issue of how to count slaves for the purpose of representation?
The name of the compromise that settled the issue of how to count slaves for the purpose of representation was the Three-fifths Compromise.
Why would slave states want all their slaves counted?
Slave states wanted all their slaves counted because that would give more representatives in Congress
Why would states against slavery feel that it would not be fair for all slaves to be counted?
States against slavery felt that it would not be fair for all slaves to be counted because then they would have a smaller population.
Out of five slaves, how many would be added to the population count?
Out of five slaves, 3 would be added to the population count.
Why did southern states want to keep the slave trade?
Southern slave states wanted to keep the slave trade because slaves were cheap labor and they were important to their agricultural economy.
What was the compromise?
The compromise was to allow the slave trade to continue for twenty years. After twenty years, Congress could control it. After 1808, Congress ended slavery.
How many states abolished slavery during the founding era?
8 out of 13 states abolished slavery during the founding era.
Why did the Constitution allow slavery to continue, if the Declaration of Independence claimed that "all men are created equal"?
All men are created equal, but slaves were not considered men. Slaves were property.
What were the men at the Constitutional Convention most focused on creating?
The men at the Constitutional Convention most focused on creating a united, well- ordered, and prosperous society in which private property, including slave property, would be secure.
The Virginia Plan: Edmund Randolph (creator)
- Supported by large states
Three Branches of Government Two-House Legislature
• Legislative
• Executive
- One person or multiple?
• Judicial
- A system of courts to interpret the law
• Two House Legislature
- Upper House
- Lower House
• Proportional Representation
New Jersey Plan:
- Supported by small states
• Equal Representation
• One - house legislature
- Powers of Congress expanded
• Raise $ (tax)
• Regulate trade
Proportional Representation
* Based on state's population
Equal Representation
each state has the same amount of representation
compromise
an agreement in which each side gives up part of what it wants
According to the Great Compromise, representation in Congress was to be based on _______.
According to the Great Compromise, representation in Congress was to be based on population.
Summarize the arguments against having a single executive.
One person would never be able to gain the people's confidence, but a single executive could act more quickly when urgent action is required.
Why did the small states decide to support a strong central government after the compromise?
The small states decided to support a strong central government after the compromise because the more people a state had, the more seats it would have in each house. They wanted each state to have the same number of votes in Congress.
Why did Southerners support their position against ending the slave trade?
Southerners supported their position against ending the slave trade because this ban would ruin the South's economy.