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Five Factor Model of Personality is also known as ?
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refers to the total person in his/her overt and covert behaviorPersonalitythe etymological derivative of personality comes from the word ________________personaThe word personality comes from these two latin words"per" and "sonare"what does "per" and "sonare" means?to sound throughUnderstanding of who you are is called ? - our individual perceptionsof our behavior, abilities, and unique characteristicsSelf-conceptUnderstanding what your motives are when you act is called ?Self-understandingthe study of knowledge or wisdom from its Latin roots,PhilosophyPhilosophy comes from the words _____ and _______ which means ________ and _______philo (love) sophia (wisdom)Philosophy is also considered as "___________________" because every scientifc discpline has philosophical foundations.The Queen of All Sciences路 "Self is dichotomous which means composed of two things: PHYSICAL REALM and the IDEAL REALM."Socrates路 "Soul/Self is composed of REASON, PHYSICAL APPETITE and SPIRIT OR PASSION."Plato路 view the body as the SPOUSE of the soul.St. Augustine路 famous for the quote "I think, therefore I exist"; said that the essence of self is being a THINKING THING.Rene Descartes路 "The self is CONSCIOUSNESS."John Locke路 "There is no self! There are only two distinct entities, IMPRESSIONS and IDEASDavid HumeThe dualistic view of self, "the CONSCIOUS SELF and UNCONSCIOUS SELF."Sigmund Freud路 "Self is a PATTERN OF BEHAVIOR, the tendency or disposition for a person to behave in a certain way in certain circumstances."Gilbert Ryle路 "Self is the PRODUCT OF REASON, a regulative principle because the self regulates experience by making unified experience possible."Immanuel Kant"Self is a PRODUCT OF BRAIN ACTIVITY."Paul and Patricia Churchland路 "Self is a UNITY in which the mental and physical are seamlessly woven together."Maurice Merleau-Ponty3 Levels of MindsId, Ego, Superego3 levels of mind: Based on pleasure principleId3 levels of mind: Based on the reality principleEgo3 Levels of mind: dependent on learning the difference between right and wrong or moral principle.SuperegoStages of Self- formation1. Preparatory Stage 2. Play Stage 3. Game Stagechildren's behaviors are primarily based on imitation.Preparatory Stagechildren begin to role play and pretend to be other people.The Play Stagechild now begins to see not only his own perspective but the perspective of others also.The Game Stagea scientific study of mental processes and human behaviorPsychologyPsychology aims to _______, ________, _________, ________ human behavior in generalPsychology aims to describe, analyze, predict, control human behavior in generalSix Specific Domain of Self-Concept1. Social Domain 2. Competence Domain 3. Affect Domain 4. Physical Domain 5. Academic Domain 6. Family Domainability of the person to interact with others.Social Domainability to meet the basic needsCompetence Domainawareness of the emotional statesAffect Domainfeelings about looks, health, physical condition, and overall appearancePhysical Domainsuccess or failure in the schoolAcademic Domainhow well one function within the family unitFamily Domainhas a sense of integrity and connected wholeness that is rooted in early infancy.True Selfalternative personality used to protect an individual's true identity or one's ability to "hide" the real self.False Selfaspects of one's identity that are perceived in awareness.Real Self- one's view of self as one wishes to be.Ideal Selfindividual has control in any situation by making things happen.Self as Proactiveability of an individual to pursue their goals in life.Self as Agentic- presents the self as a product of modern society. It is the science that studies the development, structure, interaction, and collective behavior of human being.Sociologystudy of humanity; interdisciplinary approach to looking at human culture, both past and present.AnthropologySubfields of AnthropologyArcheology, Biological Anthropology, Linguistic Anthropology, Cultural Anthropologyfocus on the study of the past.Archeologyfocus on how human body adapts to the different earth environmentBiological Anthropologyfocused on using language as means to discover a group's manner of social interaction and their worldview.Linguistic Anthropologyfocused in knowing what makes one group's manner of living forms.Cultural Anthropologysocial system that is characterized by the shared meanings are attributed to people and events by members.Culture- shared ideas or perceptions that exist only because people in a group or society accept that they doSocial Constructionist- bodies are defined entirely by their biological make-up 鈥 bones, muscles, hormones, and the like.Essentialismidea that the fundamental unit of the human species that thinks, lives, and acts toward goals is the individual.Individualism- idea that the fundamental unit of human species that thinks, lives, and acts toward goals is not the individual, but some group.Collectivism路 CAN CONSIDER what is in his own best interest. Individualism or Collectivism?Individualism路 CAN DECIDE to make their own decisions. Individualism or Collectivism?CollectivismIndividualism or Collectivism? 路 CAN ACT on his own private motivations and values and can judge other people.IndividualismIndividualism or Collectivism? 路 CAN DECIDE whether to cooperate with others to solve problems.IndividualismIndividualism or Collectivism? 路 CAN CHOOSE to think for himself about the conclusions that the majority of others in a group come to.IndividualismIndividualism or Collectivism? CAN ACT apart from the actions of individuals.CollectivismIndividualism or Collectivism? 路 CAN CHOOSE and has its own interests apart from those of the individuals that compose it.CollectivismThe understanding of the physical self is shaped by __________ and ______________ factors.biological and environmental factorsinvolves heredity and its important factorsbiological blueprinttransmission of traits from parents to offspring.Heredity路 specific information embedded within one's genesGenotype路 physical expression of a particular trait.Phenotypedetermines the sex of an individual.Sex Chromosomes (23rd Pair)completion of growth of a genetic character within an organism or the unfolding of an individual's inherent traits or potential.Maturationprocess of physical changes through which a child's body matures into an adult body capable of sexual reproduction.PubertyA significant aspect of culture that strongly influences adolescents who are in a face-to-face encounter with their physical selves is how their culture conceptualizes beauty. True or False?True路 IMPACT OF CULTURE ON BODY IMAGE AND SELF-ESTEEM has been very crucial for sometimes people depend on this as when they define beautiful. True or False?True路 BEING BEAUTIFUL still depends how a person defines beauty and the standards he sets to meet this definition. True or FalseTrue路 People are different and each one is UNIQUELY BEAUTIFUL. True or False?TrueBeing beautiful still depends on how a person defines beauty and the standards he sets to meet this definition.True- areas of the human body that have heightened sensitivityErogenous Zonesstimulation of these areas may result in the foundation and production of sexual fantasies, sexual arousal, and orgasm;Erogenous Zoneshave a high concentration of nerve endings, and the result is they are particularly sensitive to touch, pressure, or vibration.Erogenous ZonesErogenous Zones of BoysGlans and FrenulumErogenous Zones of GirlsClitorisFIVE STAGES OF FREUD'S PSYCHOSEXUAL THEORY OF DEVELOPMENT:1. Oral Stage 2. Anal Stage 3. Phallic Stage 4. Latency Stage 5. Genital Stagethe child erogenous zone is the mouth which receives gratification through eating and sucking.Oral Stagethe erogenous zone is the anus in which sexual gratification is derived from defecation.Anal Stageerogenous zone is the genitals. Here the child experiences sexual attraction towards the opposite sex parent. Oedipus complex and Electra complex.Phallic Stagesexual impulses lie dormant as the child is occupied by social activities such as going to school and playing.Latency Stagethe erogenous zone is again the genitals. At this time, the sexual attraction is directed towards others, usually one of opposite sex.Genital Stagehighlights biological and environmental factors that shape sexual development; being a complex and amazing structure, the human body is a source of strength, beauty, and wonder.Sexual Selfdefines as how one thinks about himself or herself as a sexual individualSexual Selfhood路 the time when male assumes the dominant role; women were forbidden to own property and had no legal and only function was to bear children.Ancient Greecethe time when church decreed that all sexual acts do not lead to procreation were considered evil; women were labelled as either temptress (like Eve) or a woman of virtue (like Virgin Mary).MIDDLE AGES (476-1450)Martin Luther and John Calvin; protestant leaders initiated a movement against the Roman Catholic Church; Protestantism believed that sexuality is a natural part of life; Protestantism believed that the reason for sexual intimacy was to strengthen the physical and emotional bond between husbands and wives and not just procreation.PROTESTANT REFORMATION OF THE 16TH CENTURY (1483-1546)路 had positive view on marital sex and did not tolerate outside marriage; premarital sex was considered immoral.PURITANS 17TH and 18TH CENTURY路 homosexuality and prostitution were rampant and considered to be threats to social order; people in this era were not comfortable in discussion breast or buttocks so they use other terms instead.Victorian EraKinds of Love (John Lee's Love Style)1. Eros 2. Agape 3. Storge 4. Ludus 5. Mania 6. Pragmalove is based on a strong sexual and emotional component; creates initial excitement of a new relationship.Erosaltruistic and selfless love; person shows his love without expecting to receive the same in return.Agapelove-related friendship and based on nonsexual affection; person experiences love as a gradual and slow process.Storgelove is just a game, something for fun or entertainment; do not experience jealousy.Luduscharacterized by an intense feeling which may lead to obsessive and possessive love towards the loved one; always check their partner's whereabouts.Maniapractical and business-like love; love is based on what is appropriate.PragmaTypes of Love According to SternbergLiking (Intimacy) Infatuation (Passion) Empty Love (Commitment) Romantic Love (Passion and Intimacy) Companionate Love (Intimacy and Commitment) Fatuous Love (Passion and Commitment) Consumnate Love (Passion, Intimacy, and Commitment)only involves emotional intimacy and has no passionate intention for long-term commitment . It is just a friendly relationshipLiking (Intimacy)This is associated with a high degree of psychological arousal. There is only passion without intimacy or commitment. It is called love at first sight.Infatuation (Passion)only involves commitment. a relationship with no intimacy and passion. couples only stay together for their children.Empty Love (Commitment)combination of both passion and intimacy which may be present during the first phase of relationship. characterized by emotional intensity and sexual excitement. the experience of passionate love may be positive and negative.Romantic Love (Passion and Intimacy)the components are both intimacy and commitment which is experienced in long deeply committed friendship or marriage where passion has faded. it is more durable than romantic love and may grow over time.Companionate Love (Intimacy and Commitment)a combination of passion and commitment experience by a couple who spent a short time in courtship and suddenly decided to get marriedFatuous Love (Passion and Commitment)there exists a healthy balance of passion, intimacy, and commitment shared by couples considered to be ideal for each otherConsumnate Love (Passion, Intimacy, and Commitment)often associated with men and people in urban setting, western cultures are known to be like thisIndividualismoften associated with women and people in rural settings. most Asian countries are known to be like this in nature.Collectivismhow much a person likes himselfSelf-esteemrepresentation of how individuals think and feel about their own physical attributesBody Image