There are three branches of government. The first is the judicial branch. This is the national court system. The second branch is the executive branch. The executive branch is made up of executive leaders (or leader. This is one of the issues the Convention faced- how many executive leaders would there be?). Finally, there is the legislative branch, which is a two-house legislature. This is made up of Congress. Congress has the power to pass laws. The two houses are the upper house (the Senate), and the lower house (the House of Representatives). The Convention argues over representation in the two houses.