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A liver product that is released by the gallbladder which contains detergents derived from cholesterol.
Bile breaks down emulsion droplets into this. They can contain FA, MAG, cholesterol, and hydrophobic vitamins.
Short and medium chain
These types of FA are released into the bloodstream through intestinal cells.
Long and very long chain
These types of FA react with MAG to form TAG before they are put into chylomicrons
Acyl CoA synthetase
This enzyme is the first step in FA metabolism. Uses ATP->AMP to attach CoA to FA.
This enzyme joins a FA to carnitine in the cytosol and in the mitochondrion
Acyl CoA dehydrogenase
This enzyme connects a FA to CoA in the form of enoyl CoA. There is a one of these for long, medium and short chain FAs.
Enoyl CoA hydratase
This enzyme hydrates the trans double bond of enoyl CoA. The second step in B-oxidation and produces the L-isomer only.
The enzyme in the third step of B-oxidation. Oxidizes to form a ketone and produces NADH.
This enzyme repeatedly cleaves off two carbon units in the form of Ac-CoA until the last cycle yields two Ac-CoAs.
This enzyme converts a cis bond to a trans bond when it is 3 carbons away from the Ac-CoA that is about to be cleaved.
2,4-dienoyl CoA reductase
This enzyme removes the trans bond formed by Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase and change the cis bond of a unsaturated FA one carbon closer to Ac-CoA. The product can now be processed by enoyl-CoA isomerase.
Acetyl-CoA and propionyl-CoA
What are the products of the last step of B-oxidation in an odd numbered FA?
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