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Terms in this set (67)
Social structure guides our_____?
Status is a social position that a person_____in a society.
Occupies (to occupy a status)
Gender, age, and ethnicity are examples of what types of statuses?
Ascribed and Master statuses
____statuses are those that we can change, control or choose through effort or actions.
Achieved status: Earned; ability
A master status_____?
Overshadows all other statuses; includes ascribed and achieved statuses
Brendon is a pastor at the local church. To earn extra money, Brendon bartends on Friday nights. This is an wxample of____?
Status inconsistency is_____?
Conflict that arises from occupying social positions that are ranked differently
Status inconsistency refer to_____.
Mismatch between statuses
____ are the behaviors expected of people who have particular status.
Roles (play a role)
While we occupy a status, we ____ a role.
Cameron was scheduled to work on Thursday from 9 am until 3 pm. His sociology final was scheduled for 2 pm. Cameron was likely experiencing__?
Role conflict is____?
Two or more roles contradict one another
Social interactions begin at age___, but change over time depending on___?
Social interactions defines____?
Process by which we act towards people and how we react to the peoples reactions
"If men define situations as real, they are real in their consequences." This statement best matches which of the following concepts?
Which theorist extended the Thomas theorem to include the idea of a "self-fulfilling prophecy?"
"If we define something as easy and act upon it, it can become real." This statement best matches which of the following?
Symbolic interactions typically use two methodological tools in understanding everyday interactions:
Ethnomethodology and dramaturgical analysis
____studies show how people construct and learn to share definitions of reality.
____examines social interaction as if it were a stage where people play different roles.
Which theorist introduced dramaturgical analysis to examine social interactions.
Karen is stressing her favorable traits (being smart and funny) and suppressing her unfavorable ones (especially being rude and self-contered). Karen is using____?
____suggests that any social interaction between two people is based on each persons trying to maximize their rewards and minimize their costs.
Social exchange theory
Interactions that elicit rewards are____?
Most likely to be repeated.
Women and men are ___ in their interactions.
More similar than different
"Actions speak louder than words." This statement represents which concept of social interactions?
Felix and Farrah are co-workers who are discussing the new corporate policies. Felix is standing in the doorway of Farrah's office. Farrah is sitting at her desk. In which person space zone are Felix and Farrah?
We socioeconomic status increases, personsal space ____.
Persons social location based in wealth, prestige, and power
The biggest "digital divide" in Internet usage is____
Social groups consists of ___ or more people
Athletic teams, friend groups, families, and religious congregations are all examples of
Family and close friends are examples of
___typically large and impersonal
___ groups meet our expressive(or emotional) needs;___ groups meet our instrumental(or task oriented) needs.
___ are those that share a sense of identity and exclude and devalue outsiders.
___are those people who are viewed and treated negatively because they are seen as being different
A ___ is a group that shapes our behavior, values and attitudes, and influences who we would like to be in the future.
Cody is a member of the LA Crips. The gangs in his territory are the Bloods and Satan's Slaves. Cody feels antagonist toward the gangs. For Cody, these two rival gangs would be considered an
The experience tested whether subjects would obey an authorities instructions by giving electric shocks to "learners" who were memorizing words. Which of the following researchers conducted these experiments?
___focused on "groupthink" and the negative effects of not questioning controversial issues.
deterioration of mental efficiency from in-group pressures. (following that group not having an individual opinion.
Grace and Mia are "friends" on Facebook. They have only met once, but frequently post messages in each other's wall. Grace and Mia, along with their "friends", form a
A____is a complex and structured secondary group that is deliberately created to achieve a specific goal is an efficient manner.
A voluntary association is a formal organization that is
Created by people who have things in common (don't get paid)
A___is a formal organization that is designed to accomplish goals and tasks by large numbers of people .
Paige and Allen work at the same car factory working different jobs but don't get to see the final results of the car. This is an example of which shortcoming of bureaucracy?
A mother and her son visit local McDonald's. The mother quickly orders a #1 and #4. Which component of mcdonaldization does this situation illustrate?
The ____of the early 1900s found that informal groups were critical to an organizations functioning
According to____, when an organization operated rationally and effectively, workers cooperate and maintain the organizations stability and continuity
Income, status and other rewards allow some owners and managers to exploit workers. This statement exemplifies which major theoretical perspective?
According to feminist theorists, women hit a ___, organizational biases that prevent them from achieving the highest leadership positions
____emphasize how people define situations and how these definitions shape groups and organizations
Zachary is studying who controls an organizations resources and decision-making. Zach is a
Riley is studying gendered stereotypes in an organization. Riley is a
For sociologists, a social institution refers to
An organized and established social systems that meets one or more of a society's basic needs
The ___replaces members of a society through procreation.
The___organizes a society's distrubution of goods and services.
The___maintains law and order
Formally socializes and trains members if a society
Provides a sense of meaning and purpose to membets of a society.
Examples of an ideal type.
In the "iron law of oligarchy"
A small group of people dominates the bureaucracy
Social statuses are____in a society
-Statuses are always relational
-each status is associated with one or more roles
People create and define their reality through interactions
Interaction often involves a dominant-subordinate relationship
What a person can assume that a role can demand or expect from others
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