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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. endocytosis
  2. lysosome
  3. hypotonic
  4. cytoskeleton
  5. cell wall
  1. a
    strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and some bacteria
  2. b
    an organelle found in the cytoplasm of most cells (especially in leukocytes and liver and kidney cells) it is filled with enzymes that breakdown cells
  3. c
    network of protein filaments within some cells that helps the cell maintain its shape and is involved in many forms of cell movement
  4. d
    the process by which a cell membrane surrounds a particle and encloses the particle in a vesicle to bring the particle into the cell
  5. e
    describes a solution whose solute concentration is lower than the solute concentration inside a cell

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. movement of specific molecules across cell membranes through protein channels

  2. stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum

  3. group of organs that work together to perform a specific function

  4. small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and protein

  5. Powerhouse of the cell, organelle that is the site of ATP (energy) production

5 True/False questions

  1. eukaryote
    A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles


  2. cytoplasm
    organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that uses chlorophyll to capture the energy from sunlight and convert it into chemical energy


  3. active transport
    energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell membrane against a concentration difference


  4. phagocyctosis
    the process by which a cell engulfs large particles or whole cells, either as a defense mechanism or as a means to obtain food


  5. osmosis
    (used of solutions) having the same or equal osmotic pressure


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