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45 terms

psych test 3 quizes

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short term
After Maya gave her friend the password to a protected Web site, the friend was able to remember it only long enough to type it into the password box. In this instance, the password was clearly stored in her ________ memory.
source amnesia
Several months after watching a science fiction movie about spaceship travel and alien abductions, Steve began to remember that he had been abducted by aliens and personally subjected to many of the horrors portrayed in the movie. His mistaken recall best illustrates
retrieval cues
The happier Judie is, the more readily she recalls experiences with former teachers who were warm and generous. This best illustrates that emotional states can be
amygdala
Memories of emotional events are especially likely to be facilitated by activation of the
mnemonic device
Employing the single word HOMES to remember the names of North America's five Great Lakes best illustrates the use of
recognition
A measure of your memory in which you need to pick the correctly learned answer from a displayed list of options is known as a measure of
spacing effect
Students who review previously learned course material at various times throughout a semester to pass a comprehensive final are especially likely to demonstrate long-term retention of the course material. This best illustrates the value of
explicit memory and implicit memory
Mr. Nydam suffers amnesia and is unable to remember playing golf on a particular course. Yet the more he plays the course, the more his game improves. His experience illustrates the need to distinguish between
long-term potentiation
Which of the following is believed to be the synaptic basis for learning and memory?
acoustic encoding
It is easier to remember "what sobriety conceals, alcohol reveals" than to recall "what sobriety conceals, alcohol unmasks." This best illustrates the value of
functional fixedness
Pablo vainly searches for a screwdriver while failing to recognize that a readily available coin in his pocket would turn the screw. His oversight best illustrates
availability heuristic
The easier it is for people to remember an instance in which they were betrayed by a friend, the more they expect such an event to recur. This best illustrates the impact of
concepts
Pigeons can reliably discriminate pictures of cars from pictures of chairs. This best illustrates their capacity to develop
protogype
Arnold had difficulty recognizing that bullfighting was a sport because it failed to resemble his ________ of a sport.
heuristic
In attempting to find and purchase high-quality cosmetics, Megan reminds herself that the most expensive brands are the best. Megan's self-reminder illustrates the use of
neural networks
Brain scans reveal that different ________ are activated when we process verbs rather than nouns.
syntax
In the English language, adjectives are typically placed before nouns as in "green car." This illustrates an English language rule of
semantics
When you add s to the word apple you are referring to more than one apple. This illustrates an English language rule of
language on thinking
During a lecture, your professor says, "A child learns language as he interacts with caregivers." This generic use of the pronoun he is more likely to trigger images of males than of females. This best illustrates the impact of
belief preseverence
Professor Chadwick evaluated a graduate student's research proposal negatively simply because he had heard a rumor about the student's incompetence. When later informed that the rumor had been patently false, the professor's assessment of the student's research proposal remained almost as negative as it was originally. This best illustrates
emotional intelligence
When Phoebe strongly disagrees with her sister's opinion, she effectively controls her own anger and responds with empathy to her sister's frustration regarding their dispute. Her behavior best illustrates
achievement
A test designed to assess whether newly graduated medical students should be granted the legal right to practice medicine would most likely be considered a(n) ________ test.
high; low
Mary's bathroom scale always overstates people's actual weight by exactly six pounds. The scale has ________ reliability and ________ validity.
intrinsic motivation
Managers who want to foster creativity in the workplace should try to increase the ________ of their employees.
predictive validity
University grades are used to access the ________ of the SAT.
savant syndrome
Although diagnosed with autism and hardly able to speak coherently, 18-year-old Andrew can produce intricate and detailed drawings of scenes he has viewed only once. Andrew illustrates a condition known as
heritability
The extent to which differences in intelligence among a group of people are attributable to genetic factors is known as the ______ of intelligence.
stereotype threat
Women have been found to score lower on math tests when they are tested alongside men. This best illustrates the impact of
reliability
When retested on the WAIS, people's second scores generally match their first scores quite closely. This indicates that the test has a high degree of
resolution phase
During which phase of the sexual response cycle does the refractory period begin?
testosterone; lowered
The removal of a woman's ovaries may contribute to decreasing sexual interest because her natural ________ level is _______.
belongingness
When asked what is most necessary for a happy and meaningful life, most people first mention the importance of satisfying their ________ needs.
lateral hypothalamus
A starving rat will lose all interest in food if its ________ is destroyed.
decrease in their metabolic rate
In a classic experiment, obese patients whose daily caloric intake was dramatically reduced lost only 6 percent of their weight. This limited weight loss was due, at least in part, to the fact that their dietary restriction led to a(n)
sexual orientation
The fraternal birth-order effect refers to a factor associated with
an instinct
After spending years in the ocean, a mature salmon swims up its home river to return to its birthplace. This behavior is an example of
incentives
Some students work hard in school to attain high grades. This best illustrates the importance of
bulimia nervosa
To lose some of the weight she gained from binge eating, Melissa uses laxatives and exercises until she is exhausted. Melissa most clearly demonstrates symptoms of
amygdala
The instantaneous and automatic fear response we experience when unexpectedly stumbling upon a snake illustrates the importance of the
james-lange theory
Which theory suggests that you would not experience intense anger unless you were first aware of your racing heart or other symptoms of physiological arousal?
two factor theory
When Mr. Morgan misinterpreted his harmless symptoms of autonomic nervous system arousal as indicative of an impending heart attack, he suffered an unusually intense level of fear. His emotional suffering is best understood in terms of the
resistance
The second phase of the general adaptation syndrome is characterized by
spillover effect
The arousal that lingers after an intense argument between romantic partners may intensify their sexual passion and result in the experience of "make-up sex". This best illustrates
facial feedback effect
If people wrinkle their noses in disgust when presented with a strange-looking food, they are likely to experience an increasingly intense emotional aversion to the food. This best illustrates the
catharsis hypothesis
Luciano believes that the best way to get over the anger he feels toward his high school teacher is to scream shameful profanities while hitting a punching bag. His belief best illustrates