Occupational Adaptation (OA) Model of Practice
Terms in this set (26)
What is the central idea of the Occupational Adaptation MOP?
Occupational Adaptation was originally a FOR. true/false
OA was first introduced within which FORs?
OA was 1st introduced in FORs in pediatric practice such as sensory integration & spatiotemporal adaptation
Who created the OA?
Schkade & Schultze
What is the optimal goal of OA?
Relative mastery & occupational adaptation
How does OA represent one of the most complex occupation-based models?
By incorporating dynamic inter-relationships of multiple factors & subprocesses
What are the three elements of OA?
person, environment, & the interaction between the two
Which areas of the OTPF does the OA encompass?
All areas of the OTPF
What is critically important to the OA model in order to facilitate the client's internal adaptative process?
Therapeutic use of self by the OT practitioner
What is part of the normative process of human adaptation?
What is the major difference between OA & most other models in regards to function & adaptation?
Most models make the assumption that when clients become functional, they adapt. The OA model assumes the opposite-that when people have the capacity to adapt, they can function.
What are the 4 subprocesses of OA?
1) adaptative response generation 2) adaptive response evaluation 3) adaptive response integration 4) evaluation of response outcome
Which subprocess anticipates the necessary components of an adaptive response, and what are the 3 mechanisms of that subprocess?
Adaptive response generation subprocess; 1) adaptation energy 2) adaptive response modes 3) adaptive response behaviors
Which subprocess occurs when the person evaluates the quality of the occupational response, which OA refers to as the extent of "relative mastery"?
Adaptive response evaluation subprocess
Which subprocess is activated when the person's judgement of relative mastery is unsatisfactory, and it prompts the individual to try different or new responses to the same occupational challenge & try to produce a better outcome?
Adaptive response integration subprocess
Which subprocess is activated after the occupational response is generated?
Evaluation of response outcomes subprocess
What is identified through the client's experience of relative mastery?
The continuum of function & dysfunction include which 3 possible states?
1) occupational adaptation 2) homeostasis 3) occupational dys-adaptation
How does the OA model view successful occupational performance?
It's viewed as the "direct result of the person's ability to adapt with sufficient mastery to satisfy self & others".
What are the 3 resources of motivation mentioned in the OA model?
1) desire for mastery [person] 2) press for mastery [person-environment interaction] 3) demand for mastery [environment]
What are the 3 areas of reasoning that the authors of OA have created as a guide to practice?
1) OA data gathering 2) OA programming 3) Evaluation of the occupational adaptation process
Are there specific assessment tools designed for the OA model? yes/no
No. However, evaluation of adaptive capacity is best accomplished w/in the context of occupational performance.
What is the focus of intervention in OA model?
intervention on occupational roles
What are the two ways that groups are structured in OA?
1) Clients are placed in groups according to the meaningful life roles they choose to work on in therapy. 2) Cognitive & psychosocial abilities of group members should be similar.
What should goals of any OA intervention facilitate improvement in?
The goal of OA groups is more on _____ & ______.
Process & learning