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Politics of the United States
Government Ch. 5
Terms in this set (61)
The people of a particular geographic area who are represented by a lawmaking body
The distribution of seats in the House of Representatives among the states
A congressional act of bill that sets aside funds for a specific purpose
The process of charging officials in the executive and judicial branches with wrongdoing and bringing them to trial
The power of Congress to check up on the executive branch and go make sure it is following the laws Congress has passed
Necessary and Proper Clause
Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18, of the Constitution, which gives the national legislature the power to "make all laws that are necessary and proper" to exercise the powers granted by the Constitution; also knows as the 'elastic clause'
A tax an individual directly pays to the government; the 16th amendment (income) is an example
A condition in which government revenues are lower than expenses
Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3, of the Constitution that outlines the commerce powers granted to Congress; which is the right to regulate economic activity across state lines (interstate commerce)
A legal document that requires a person to testify in court
Writ of Habeas Corpus
A court order that forces the police to present a person in court to face chargers
Bill of Attainder
A law that punished a person without trial
Ex Post Facto Laws
Laws that criminalize an action that took place in the past and that was legal at that time
The redistribution of seats in the House of Representatives among the states based on the results of the census
The drawing of district boundaries for political advantage
Speaker of the House
The most powerful member and the presiding officer of the House of Representatives; elected by his or her fellow members of Congress and comes from that political party that holds the most seats; second in line to succeed the president
The representative of each party elected to help manage the actions and strategy of their party in the House of Representatives
The representatives of each party whose duty is to encourage fellow party members to vote as the party leadership wants
A meeting of all the House members from a particular party held to elect party officers
Permanent committees of the House of Representatives (Senate has some too) that address the major areas in which most proposed laws fall, such as agriculture, the budget, and the armed services
Temporary committees in the House of Representatives formed to carry out specific tasks that are not already covered by existing committees
Special committees formed from members of the House of Representatives and the Senate to address broad issues that affect both chambers
How old do you have to be to serve in the House of Rep?
How many years do you have to live in the U.S. before you can serve in the House of Rep?
How long is a term for someone in the House of Rep?
How old do you have to be to serve in the Senate?
How many years do you have to live in the U.S. before you can serve in the Senate?
How long is term for someone in the Senate?
President of the Senate
A position held by the Vice President of the U.S., who presides over debate in the Senate chamber, recognizes speakers, can't vote on issues; more of a ceremonial role
President pro tempore
The official who presides over the Senate in the absence of the vice president; usually goes to the senator from the majority party with the longest record of service; third in line to succeed the president
Senate majority leader
The person elected by the majority party who serves as the spokesperson and main strategist for the majority party in the Senate; most powerful position in the Senate; serves as the spokesperson and main strategist for his party
The chair of the committee is given to the most senior majority senator on a committee
The tactic used when opponents of a measure seek to prevent it coming up for a vote in the Senate by refusing to stop talking in hopes of stalling action long enough that the rest of the Senate will be forced to move on to other business
The vote to end debate of a bill in the Senate
An addition to a bill that often has little to do with the bill's main topic
A congressional measure used in certain out-of-the-ordinary circumstances and has the force of law if passed by both houses of Congress and signed by the president
Measures in which both houses of Congress address matters that affect the operations of both chambers; does not have the force of law
A measure taken in the House of Representatives to force a bill out of committee
Committee of the Whole
A measure taken in the House of Representatives in which all representatives become members of a single committee, allowing the House to function when many members are absent
The minimum number of members needed to legally conduct business
Roll call vote
A vote in which each member of Congress is required to publicly state his or her vote; also called a record vote
A joint committee formed from both houses to resolve differences between the House and Senate versions of a bill
A means by which the president can reject a bill, when Congress is not in session, by not signing it
How many members are in the House?
How many members are in the Senate?
Speaker of the House
The ______ _ __ ____ presides over debates and recognizes speakers; they rule on points of order, assigns bills to committees, determines when or if a measure comes up for debate and how it is debated, and also assigned House members to certain committees.
The Constitution allows the House to make whatever rules it considers necessary to carry out its business, these are called the ____ ____
the committee of the House that is very powerful in determining how, when, and under what conditions debate on a bill will take place
each committee is headed by a ___ chosen by the majority party; these people are very powerful
the powers of choosing VP, ratifying treaties and consenting to presidential nominees are unique to the _____
does a bill have to start in the House or Representatives or the Senate?
bills dealing with ______ MUST start in the House
true or false: if a bill is changed in the second house, it must go back to the original house for reconsideration
who does a bill go to for consideration if it is passed by both houses?
the power of _____ is limited by judicial review and the power of the president to veto legislation
Power of the Purse
Congress alone has the power to approve the spending of the federal government; with this power, Congress can prevent the executive branch from carrying out polices it disagrees with. what is the name of this power?
Power of Advise and Consent
the president can sign treaties with foreign countries and appoint government officials but these actions are subject to Senate approval
where does the impeachment process begin?
a tax levied on one person but passed on to another for payment to the government; tariffs and gasoline are examples of this
War Powers Resolution
what was passed to limit the president's power to send troops into battle?
House of Representatives
this house of Congress has the responsibility of choosing president if there is a tie in the electoral college
Recommended textbook explanations
Magruder's American Government
Magruder's American Government (Florida Student Edition)
TEKS United States Government
Donald A. Ritchie, Richard C. Remy
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