Lesson 8- Questioning Consumption

Our things define us
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Today, many and use prohibited drugs, alcoholic drinks and cigarettes. Even if these give them satisfaction, they are harmful and can endanger their healthHarmfulFactors That Influence Our Consumption1. Income 2. Occasion 3. Advertisements 4. Prices 5. Values 6. Seasons 7. Imitation/Bandwagon EffectMoney received in exchange for producing goods and services. Our consumption depends on how much income we have.IncomeAccording to (----------) in his (------------), a large portion of the income is spent for basic needs when income is low. But when income goes higher, a lesser is spent on food while bigger is spent in buying things other than food.Ernst Engel in his Law of ConsumptionThe celebration of any occasion make people buy and give gifts to their loved ones.OccasionE.G.: Flowers and chocolates are in demand during Valentines and Christmas; Dresses, shoes and jewelries during birthday and anniversaries.OccasionA way of motivating and convincing consumers to patronize certain products.AdvertisementsThis is a factor that limits consumption. People tend to ask for the price before buying. Price is the amount to be paid in buying goods or servicesPricesAttitudes, behavior, and values affect our consumption.ValuesIf we value (-------), we plan out the things we need to buy and as a result we do not become (----------).thriftiness- impulsive buyersIt affects our consumption since some things are bought depending on the weather.SeasonsE.G.: we buy umbrella and jacket during rainy seasons.SeasonsAs we imitate what the other people buy, we consume more of the same product. Sometimes it is the reason why people buy and use the same products that they in others. We want to consume the things that our idols, friends and neighbors consume.Imitation/Bandwagon EffectThe moment we tear the wrapper from a new toy is already at the (--------------------) involving the mining of metals, the pumping of oil, the operation of huge factories, the shipping of cargo containers, the printing of packaging materials, the purchase of advertising, the careful arranging of store shelves, and the final drive homeend of sweeping storySustainable design expertWilliam McDonoughCradle to CradleWilliam McDonoughWhat we actually purchase from the store is just the tip of (--------------------), a gigantic pyramid of extracted resources and burnt fuel, toxic waste and sweatshop labor.A vast material icebergA Styrofoam carton may only spend (--------) holding a Chinese food we have for lunch, but it could easily spend a (-------------)decomposing in some trash heapfifteen minutes- hundred yearsProblem with the secret life of our stuff1. It hides us from the consequences of our actions 2.. Most of the time, those consequences are not pretty.he mountains of waste that telescope out from us before we buy something and after we throw it away may...•Choke our planet with deadly poisons •Endanger our health •Wreck natural systems •Force our fellow human beings to work in conditions many of us would never accept for ourselves.Society's Utilization of Natural ResourceHunter/gatherer Agrarian Society Industrial SocietyToday, inhabitants of industrialized countries used (------------------) than people living in agricultural societies and (-----------------) than people in the hunter gatherer society.4 to 8 times more resources 15 to 30 times more resourcesThe per capita consumption of natural resources has grown by a factor of???15 to 30Hunter gatherers and early agrarian societies were dependent upon the use of???Renewable natural resourcesOne metric ton per year = 3kg per dayHunter gathererFood, basic housing and weaponsHunter gathererHunter gatherer are found in rainforests of?Amazonia and Papua New GuineaFour metric tones per person per year = 11kg per dayAgrarian societiesFeeds for animals, meat production and power sourceAgrarian societiesLarger buildings, more metallic objectsAgrarian societiesAgricultural society are in?Global South Africa Asia and Latin America.Use of fossil fuels created an apparent energy surplus for human societies =Economic growthAvailability of cheaper energyIndustrial Revolution in the 18th centuryMore machines and greater amounts of fertilizerIndustrial Revolution in the 18th centuryProgress has an?Environmental priceOne resident = (---------) of raw materials and products annually15 to 35 tonsThe challenge is to (-------) of life for today's global population of nearly 7 billion people, and for the 9-10 billion people predicted for the middle of this century, without exceeding the environmental capacities of our planet.Ensure a high quality of lifeMeasures CO2 generated by activitiesCarbon FootprintOnly includes carbon emission numbersCarbon FootprintCan be used for Carbon Credit MarketplaceCarbon FootprintDirectly impacts climate changeCarbon FootprintMeasures renewable and non-renewable resources usedEcological FootprintIncludes both carbon emissions and environmental impactEcological FootprintUsed to gauge global consumptionEcological FootprintDirectly impacts continuing life on EarthEcological Footprint3 CONSEQUENCES OF THE OVEREXPLOITATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES1. Environmental 2. Economic 3. For HealthThe disappearance of habitats essential for (-----------) and, therefore, the (-----------).flora and fauna- extinction of species.There are some (-----------------------------------) in the world, and of these, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) says that, currently, more than (----------) are threatened with extinction30 million different animal and plant species-1,000 speciesThe disappearance of habitats essential for flora and fauna and, therefore, the extinction of species. There are some 30 million different animal and plant species in the world, and of these, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) says that, currently, more than 31,000 species are threatened with extinctionEnvironmentalAccording to a United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO),33% of the world's soils are moderately to highly degraded33% of the world's soils are moderately to highly degraded, according to a United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). If the erosion of fertile soil continues at the same rate, agricultural commodity prices will inevitably soar.EconomicIf we do not take care of the forests there will be (---------------) and therefore (----------------).fewer CO2 sinks -more air pollutioIf we do not take care of the forests there will be fewer CO2 sinks and therefore more air pollution. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), nine out of ten people worldwide breathe air with high levels of pollutants and seven million people die each year air pollution.For Health3 SHORT TERM MEASURES TO GET US ON THE RIGHT TRACK1. Increasing the recycling of materials 2. Informing consumers about the resource use of products 3. Changing lifestyles and consumption patternsSome companies are now aiming to achieve zero waste to landfill or incineration, and some regions in Europe are demonstrating how to achieve high levels of recycling of household waste.Increasing the recycling of materialsThere has been increasing consumer awareness about the environmental impacts of their consumption in the past decade.Informing consumers about the resource use of productsIn order to achieve substantial changes in our resource use, we do need to?make changes in our current lifestyles.For example, a move towards vegetarian diets and a reduction in the consumption of meat, milk and dairy products; and more use of public transport and cycling, with a reduction in travel by private car and airplane.Changing lifestyles and consumption patterns.Saves us money and elimination of unnecessary clutter from our livesReducing our own levels of consumption