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movement that responded to he pressures of industrialization and urbanization by promoting reforms
reform movement that emerged in the late nineteenth century that sought to improve society by applying Christian principles
community center organized at the turn of the twentieth century to provide social services to the urban poor
author of the The Jungle who exposed unsanitary conditions in the meat packing industry
co-founder of National Consumers League (promoted safe products produced under safe, fair healthy conditions)
stated that the right to vote shall not be denied or abridged on account of sex
belief that assimilating immigrants into American society would make them more loyal citizens
Booker T. Washington
believed African Americans had to achieve economic independence before before civil rights;
W.E.B. Du Bois
believed African Americans had to demand social and civil rights or else they would be come victims of racism
founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination, to oppose racism and to gain civil rights for African Americans; got the Supreme Court to declare grandfather clause unconstitutional
Network of churches and clubs that set up employment agencies and relief efforts to help African Americans get settled and find work in the cities
President Roosevelt's program of reforms to keep the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small business owners and the poor
Meat Inspection Act
1906 law that allowed the federal government to inspect meat sold across state lines and required federal inspection of meat processing plants
Pure Food and Drug Act
1906 law that allowed federal inspection of food and medicine and banned the interstate shipment and sale of impure food and them mislabeling of food and drugs
National Reclamation Act
1902 law that gave the federal government the power to deicide where and how water would be distributed through the building and management of dams and irrigation projects
political party that emerged from the Taft-Roosevelt battle that split the Republican Party in 1912 (also known as the Bull Moose party)
Wilson's program to place government controls on corporations in order to benefit small business
1913 constitutional amendment that gave Congress the authority to levy an income tax
Federal Reserve Act
1913 law that placed national banks under the control of the Federal Reserve Board, which runs regional banks that hold the reserve funds from commercial banks, sets interest rates, and supervises commercial banks
Federal Trade Commission
(FTC) government agency established in 1914 to identify monopolistic business practices, false advertising, and dishonest labeling
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