World War 1 Test Study Guide

Causes of World War I
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Victory Bonds/ Liberty Bondsthe U.S. government sold these to people to raise money to fight the warFood AdministrationTried to control the food supply for the armies. Encouraged people to conserve food - Wheatless Wednesdays, Meatless MondaysSedition Act of 1918Made it illegal for Americans to speak disloyalty about the US government, constitution, or flagWhy did the US soldiers have such a strong impact on World World War I, even though we joined late?At that point, the war was at a stalemate, with each side sustaining enormous casualties. America sent millions of soldiers to fight for the Allies, finally winning the war for the Allies. They were fresh and eagerWhat nation left WWI in 1917? What event in their country caused them to leave the war?Russia left in 1917, the country was in the middle of a revolution.What were Woodrow Wilson's 14 points?Explained that WW1 was being fought for a just cause, set foundations for peace plansWhat was the 14th point of the 14 points?Called for a "general association of nations" that would offer "mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small nations alike."Why did France and England really want to punish Germany after WWI?Both Great Britain and France suffered tremendous casualties during the war and faced serious economic problems because of the war's costs. The two countries' leaders wanted to see Germany pay reparations for the cost of the war and accept the blame for causing the war.Why were some members of Congress against signing the Treaty of Versailles?Congress thought that by signing the document they would have forfeited and surrendered, once and for all, the great policy of 'no entangling alliances' upon which the strength of this Republic has been founded for 150 years."They wanted to focus more on our country and thought the League of Nations would bring us into more warsWhy did the US face inflation after WWI?When the war ended, government agencies removed their control of the economy. This released pent-up demand. People raced to buy goods that had been rationed, while businesses rapidly raised prices they had been forced to keep low during the war. The result was rapid inflation.What tensions existed in Chicago before the riot of 1919?In early 1919, the sociopolitical atmosphere of Chicago around its rapidly-growing black community was one of ethnic tension caused by long-standing racism, competition among new groups, an economic slump, and the social changes engendered by World War I.African-Americans that moved north during the war to work in factories faced problems for being in/near certain neighborhoods African-American soldiers were hoping/expecting better treatment at home after serving their countryDescribe the 1919 Race Riots in ChicagoAfrican-American boy was killed for swimming onto the "white" side of the beach. This led to continued violence that killed over 30 people in Chicago. The Chicago race riot of 1919 was a violent racial conflict between white Americans and black Americans that began on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, on July 27 and ended on August 3, 1919. During the riot, 38 people died (23 black and 15 white).What was the Tulsa Race Massacre?During the Tulsa Race Massacre, which occurred over 18 hours from May 31 to June 1, 1921, a white mob attacked residents, homes, and businesses in the predominantly Black Greenwood neighborhood of Tulsa, Oklahoma.What cause of WWI was most important? Explain what they areThe war started mainly because of four aspects: Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism and Nationalism.Why did the United States enter World War I?The Zimmerman Note and the sinking of the Lusitania along with attacking passenger ships and the investments the US had in Europe led to this.What role did World War I play in creating tensions that lead to racial tensions and violence from 1919 to 1921The racist attacks in 1919 were widespread, and often indiscriminate, but in many places, they were initiated by white servicemen and centered upon the 380,000 black veterans who had just returned from the war. "Because of their military service, black veterans were seen as a particular threat to Jim Crow and racial segregation,"What ways did the US Government restrict rights and choices during WWI? Do you think this was right? Provide examples for your answer.The Sedition Act of 1918 curtailed the free-speech rights of U.S. citizens during World War I. The law overstepped the bounds of the First Amendment freedoms of the Constitution.Fuel AdministrationTried to control coal and fuel for soldiers - example Heatless days. Set thermostats low. Created Daylight Savings time.Schenck v. U.S. - what was the case about? What did the Supreme Court decide?Schenk spoke against the draft and encouraged people to destroy draft cards. He claimed it was freedom of speech. Supreme Court said it was against law because we are at war and his actions presented a "clear and present danger" like yelling fire in a crowded theater.

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